The Colosseum is a symbol of force, power, and age-long history of Rome; it is one of the most famous landmarks in Italy. It is considered the most beautiful and largest stadium of the ancient world that was built in the form of an amphitheater in the first century. Construction of this grand erection was initiated after numerous victories of the emperor Vespasian in Judaea. Development of the Colosseum lasted for 11 years, during which an impossible was done – high quality, total work, and the introduction of the advanced but inconceivable at that time technology – a conveyor system!
The Colosseum in Rome: Fast Facts
Probably, one of the most genius solutions was to lighten the constructions: 240 imposing three-layer arches, faced with travertine from the outside, surround the concrete and brick ellipsis, which is 188 meters in length, 156 meters in width, and 57 meters in height. It was a revolution in the world building and construction work as the concrete blocks and terracotta bricks were invented. By the way, about 1 million bricks were used in the construction of the Colosseum.
Along the roadways, you can see the poles, the purpose of which is still being disputed. According to one version, the ropes of the tent were fastened to the poles, the other claims that the pillars were some sort of turnstiles to keep the crowd out. Each spacing served as an entry to the amphitheater, where even today you can see the numbering.
Every detail is thought out here - in case of any unforeseen situation, 55 thousand spectators could leave the Colosseum in 5-10 minutes. Since that time, no building with such a discharge value has been built. This miracle of architectural and engineering thought got its official name from the Latin word "colossus" that is translated as "giant."
The Rome’s Glory Won with Blood and Pain
So far, many are impressed by the number of animals and people who had passed through the arena of the amphitheater. In honor of the opening of the stadium, the hundred-day games were announced, during which the citizens of Rome had an opportunity to watch the battles of thousands of gladiators and the same number of tigers, lions and other predators that were brought here from all parts of the empire. The fighting and killing of wild animals, which were arranged only with specially trained gladiators, besides a visual appeal, had a symbolic meaning. Such battles with mighty animals emphasized the empire's ambition, its status, and greatness.
Now the fact that the Romans could solve technically complex problems was completely proved, and they believed that nothing was impossible for them. Thanks to this approach, today the amphitheater is the most popular attraction in Rome.
Information for Tourists
Address: Piazza del Colosseo, 1, 00184 Roma RM, Italy
How to Get:
Metro: the Colosseo station is the nearest (line B);
By bus: bus no. 51, 75, 85, 87 go to the station Colosseo or Calio Vibenna.
8:30 am to 4:30 pm – from the last Sunday of October till February 15;
8:30 am to 5 pm – from February 16 to March 15;
8:30 am to 5:30 pm – from March 16 to the last Saturday of March;
8:30 am to 7:15 pm – from the last Sunday of March to August 31;
8:30 am to 7 pm – from the 1st to 30 of September;
8:30 am to 6:30 pm – from October 1 to the last Saturday of October.
The last entrance is 1 hour before closing.
Off Days: January 1, December 25.
Adult Ticket – 12 €;
Reduced Ticket – 7,5 €;
Children Ticket (up to 18 years old) – free.
After seeing the main sights of Rome, do not forget to visit the Vatican and, if possible, visit the Sistine Chapel, which is a museum for works of the Renaissance.
Find out which Rome hotels are the best to stay.
Colosseum on Rome map