The sculptural composition the Motherland Monument is one of the exponents of the Museum of The History of Ukraine in World War II. It is erected on one of the highest spots in Kyiv and can be seen from any part of the city.
The creators of the Motherland Monument intended it to embody the rigidity of the national spirit which managed to withstand and win the most terrible war. The monument and the museum of the History of the Great Patriotic War opened its doors to the visitors in May 1981.
Construction of the Motherland Monument
The artist and sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich created the project of the monument. A team of Ukrainian sculptors worked on the construction of this attraction in the middle of the 70s. The sculpture is a figure of a woman who holds a sword in one hand and a huge shield in another. The sheathing of the Motherland Monument was created in Zaporizhzhya and then was moved to the capital. Experts from E. O. Paton Electric Welding Institute in Kyiv gathered all the sheets made of stainless steel and welded them together.
There are two elevators inside of the sculpture - the vertical one and the inclined. Moreover, you shall find stairs inside, which lead to narrowest places of the monument, including the top observation deck.
The height and weight of the Motherland Monument
The total height of the monument including the sword is 102 meters. The figure itself is 62 meters, while its plinth is 32 meters. The total weight of the construction is 450 ton. The sword in the right hand weights 9 ton and the shield in the left hand - 13 ton.
It’s important to note that the plinth is a complex engineering construction which is 20 meters deepened into the ground. Its drain engineering well delves 34 meters down into the complicated ground of the Dnipro’s hills.
The Mysteries of the Installation
The story of the monument’ installation is full mysteries and is not clear enough. Some scientists believe that the unique crane which had been used for its construction was destroyed and thrown into the Dnipro river. Others consider it to be used on many other construction sites in Ukraine, especially during the renovation processes.
Seismic Risks and Wind Oscillations
Many years of geodetic explorations and a work of a huge team of scientists, architects, and sculptors allowed to create a unique construction. The monument can withstand an 8.0 magnitude earthquake. The upper part of the statue has a special device which decreases the wind oscillations, especially the movements of the shield and the sword.
How to Climb the Motherland Monument in Kyiv?
The maximum number of people climbing the monument at once is two.
It will take you 12 minutes to reach the top of the statue.
You must wear comfortable clothes and forget about heels. The last ones are actually forbidden and you’ll get a refusal to climb the monument. There’s a luggage room after the first elevator, so you can keep some of your stuff there during your climb.
So, how exactly do you get to the top of the Motherland Monument? With the help of the first elevator, you’ll reach the belt of the statue. After that, you’ll put on a special safety harness and have a short safety briefing from the instructor. Finally, you enter the second elevator which takes you to the stairs. Now, your independent climb begins. First, you go up the metallic ladder till you get to the circular tunnel which is actually an arm of the Motherland Monument’s figure.
You enter the observation deck through the hatch and enter a metal cage located in the shield of the Motherland Monument. Don’t forget to unfasten the safety harness prior to entering the observation deck.
What can be seen from the Motherland Monument? You shall see the part of the left and the right banks of Kyiv, the Dnipro River, the Pivdennyi “Southern” Bridge, and the right hand of the monument holding the sword.
National Museum of the History of Ukraine in the Second World War
The Great Patriotic War Museum complex includes not only the Motherland Monument. It consists of the Alley and a Memorial devoted to all the Hero Cities which existed during the Soviet Union, and the bowl of “Fire of Glory”. Here you shall also find special spots which depict the machinery used during the WWII, sculptural compositions devoted various stages of the war.
Open Hours of the museum: daily from 10:00 till 18:00 (the booking office closes at 17:00).
Free Entrance Days - the 9th of May; for all students and schoolchildren - the 1st of September; for all the retirees - the 1st of October.
Important Information for Tourists
Address: 33 Zapecherna Street, Kyiv
Entry to the territory: available 24/7 and is absolutely free.
How to get to the Motherland Monument: get off at the “Arsenalna” metro station, then take bus number №24 or the trolleybus №38 till the “National Museum of the History of Ukraine in the Second World War” station.
The ticket price for climbing the observation deck: 300 UAH (for people over 18 years old).
If you are looking for other fascinating attractions to see in Kyiv but are limited in time, consider checking out the National Botanic Garden or Kyiv Pechersk Lavra. Both of these tourist destinations are located not far from the statue and it will take you no time to reach them.
The M. M. Hryshko National Botanical Garden of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine comprises almost 130 hectares and is one of the biggest national parks in Europe. You can enjoy and admire its collection all the year round, even in winter.
Olympic National Sports Complex (NSC Olimpiyskiy Stadium) in Kyiv was built on the threshold of the Olympic Games in 1980. Nowadays, after a precise reconstruction, it’s the second in size athletic arena in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).
Pinchuk Art Centre — is the international center of contemporary art, which was opened in 2006 in Kyiv. It displays paintings, miniatures, compositions, installations, and sculptures assembled from all over the world. The exponents of the exhibition are constantly being renewed. Anyone can attend this center absolutely for free.