Canberra is the capital of the Australian Union, surrounded by mountains from different sides. It has a special mild climate and an extremely cozy atmosphere. According to many surveys, this city is populated by the happiest people in the entire world. In fact, the happiness of locals can be explained by several components, such as life expectancy, job availability, and salary rates. As citizens who love their country, Australians are used to taking the first positions in many ways. In turn, the most delicious truffles are grown in Canberra. It is also the birthplace of Wi-Fi. Wireless data transmission technology was created in the capital of the Australian Union more than 20 years ago. In this city, the famous sheepskin boots (uggs) were also born. Furthermore, numerous people aim to come here, as this city offers the opportunity not only to relax but to relax according to exquisite and tasteful standards.
Attractions of Canberra
With its capital Canberra, Australia occupies an entire continent and several islands. Winter begins in June and summer in December. Australian cities are home to animals found nowhere else in the world, such as koalas, kangaroos, emus, and platypuses. Canberra is a city of unique wildlife, iconic architecture, and vibrant festivals.
The plan for the city was developed by the architectural couple from Chicago, Walter Burley and Marion Mahony Griffin. According to their concept, the basic design of the streets and squares was to be a "garden city", where green spaces occupied the majority of the territory. And so it happened. There's so much natural vegetation that the Australians call Canberra their 'Forest Capital'. It's surrounded by nature parks, wildlife refuges, and wilderness areas.
Up until the Great Depression (world economic crisis of 1929-1939) and World War II, which caught up with it, Canberra had been thriving. The forced disruption caused by these events slowed things down, but after the war, the construction of homes and government buildings began apace. The city quickly recovered and became prosperous.
The best time to visit Canberra
In March, the annual Balloon Festival takes place. It is considered one of the most spectacular urban festivals of the southern hemisphere. The skywalks begin in the morning and end late in the evening with a unique show of "glowing" balloons.
The Truffle Festival starts in Canberra in June. It includes harvesting these royal mushrooms, cooking classes, and tastings at local restaurants.
Be careful on the roads. There are three kangaroos per person in Australia. This is a very serious problem since animals lunge onto roads in the most unexpected places and cause serious accidents. Because of this, cars are even equipped with massive metal guards or famous "kangaroo cars". This is where the name of this accessory comes from. By the way, the speed limit on local roads is 100 kilometers per hour.
If you want to make a spectacular photo without the presence of strangers in the frame, plan a visit to Canberra during the long weekend. The capital becomes absolutely deserted during such periods. The locals move out of the city. Since there are no entertainment venues to relax at night, you can walk around almost alone in the evening hours as well.
Canberra is close to the famous Snowy Mountains. The Snowy Mountains can be reached in 2.5 hours by car. It is the center of skiing competitions, which beckons not only tourists but all lovers of outdoor activities.
Things to do in Canberra
- Walk the streets and explore the center and the surrounding area. Canberra is a city of extraordinary sculptures and modern buildings. In the last few years, entire neighborhoods of high-rise buildings have been built here with a completely unusual design. Glass, concrete, and wood make up such architectural compositions that people often come to see, even from Melbourne and Sydney. You won't see anything like this in other Australian cities.
- Go cycling. It's a popular mode of transport in Canberra, and tourists often use it. The cozy, almost European beauty of the parks and gardens, surrounded on all sides by mountains, has allowed travelers to call this corner 'little Switzerland' in the center of Australia.
- Climb to the top of Black Mountain and enjoy panoramic views from a height of 195 meters. There is a telecommunications tower with three viewing platforms and a revolving restaurant.
- See the rich collection of the National Botanic Gardens of Australia. It stretches over 90 hectares. Over 5.5 thousand plants are planted here. It's a unique experience to behold — a garden of rocks and wet rainforest; eucalyptus and flowering bushes; sand flora and fragrant acacia trees. You can spend a whole day here without noticing it.
- Take in the grandeur and beauty of man-made Lake Burley Griffin and visit the James Cook Memorial. Both sites are located in the geographical center of Canberra. The lake stretches for 11 kilometers; its maximum depth is 18 meters. Basin was built in 1964 and named after the American architect who designed Canberra. The memorial is located directly beside the lake. The Queen of Great Britain, Elizabeth II, attended its opening in 1970. This area is decorated with a 147-meter fountain and park area of 3139 square kilometers.
- Get in touch with the beauty in the National Gallery of Australia. In addition to the exhibition, the building itself, which has a very unusual angular shape, deserves attention. A sculptural garden and tropical plants surround it. The gallery has 120,000 pieces: paintings, photographs, ceramics, and more. They include works by Paul Cézanne, Claude Monet, Jackson Pollock, and Andy Warhol.
- Listen to the National Carillon (Chimes) on Aspen Island in downtown Canberra. It is one of the largest bell towers in the world, with 55 bells. Each one weighs from 7 kilograms to 6 tons. The steel band can play 4.5 octaves and can play from classical compositions to folk tunes. The view from here is dizzying, with breathtaking views of Lake Burley Griffin and downtown Canberra.
- Step inside Parliament. Canberra's Parliament Building can be visited as a free listener (take part in a session). Or you can book a private event in one of 14 dedicated rooms. It's just about the only government building that allows it.
- Have a traditional Australian meal: Vegemite. This thick paste of yeast, barley, salt, malt extract, folic acid, and flavorings is spread on bread and crackers and used as a filling for buns. Anyone who has tasted this unusual pâté notes its strong salty taste and speaks of the similarity of Vegemite to beef broth.