Melbourne, one of Australia's largest metropolises, stretches in a picturesque bay along the Yarra River. The garden-city, the continent's cultural and sports capital, is one of the world's most comfortable cities to live in. Modern quarters with skyscrapers are followed by magnificent Victorian buildings, and numerous museums and galleries offer interesting exhibits. Sunny beaches, lush gardens and parks, historical monuments, and the XIX century buildings, the smell of coffee, and vibrant nightclub music are all in Melbourne.
Municipalities of Melbourne
According to the administrative division, the city consists of the central part and 30 municipalities, 4 of which are considered to be suburban areas. The central part is of the greatest interest for tourists. The majority of historical monuments, including magnificent buildings of the Victorian era, are located there.
Travelers also love the following Melbourne areas:
- Carlton. Immigrants from Italy settled in this part of the city. Architecture and numerous cafes remind us of this. In Carlton, tourists can visit Melbourne Zoo.
- Fitzroy. A bohemian neighborhood loved by representatives of non-traditional views, geeks, and hipsters. Here you can find the Fitzroy Gardens, which is so popular among citizens and guests.
- Prahran. The wealthiest and most prestigious district in the city. Stylishly-dressed people, expensive shops, respectable restaurants, fashionable clubs — all this can be found in Prahran.
- St Kilda. If you like bustling parties and other nightlife entertainment, be sure to check out this part of town.
- Richmond. Melbourne people come here for fresh fruits and vegetables supplied by local farmers.
- The district of the Yarra River. This is a favorite place of recreation for citizens and guests. Mountain climate, lush vegetation, ferns, and vineyards — you can have a great break from the bustle of the city here.
Modern buildings, the Victorian mansions, museums, exhibition halls, parks, and gardens — amazing wonders and unexpected discoveries await visitors at every turn in Melbourne. Try to plan your visits to the most interesting places in this magnificent metropolis in advance.
Since 1851, Melbourne has been the capital of the state of Victoria. The city's flourishing period coincides with a "gold rush". Its favorable location in a convenient bay also contributed to the success. They started to build homes and government buildings, parks, and gardens and pave the wide boulevards. The headquarters of many banks appear in the city. And in 1861, the first stock exchange on the continent was opened. At the end of the XIX century, Melbourne was already considered to be one of the wealthiest cities in the world.
But in 1891, the development was interrupted by a major economic and bank crisis. Its effects were felt for several decades.
Melbourne was Australia's capital from 1901 to 1927. During World War II, the city received large military orders and became a huge industrial center. After the war, crowds of immigrants flooded into Melbourne, contributing to its further development.
Since 2000, Melbourne has outperformed all other cities in the country in economic growth. Seven times it has been recognized as the most comfortable city to live in on the planet.
Beautiful Melbourne has been able to blend the diversity of cultures from different nations, preserve marvelous monuments, and reveal the beauty of local nature.
Before the trip, you should calculate the approximate budget that you will require for the travel:
The best time to visit Melbourne
Melbourne attracts tourists at any time of year. But experienced travelers prefer to come here in October and November. The weather is moderately warm at this time, and the greenery around is still fresh emerald.
If you want to celebrate New Year in an original way, come here by January 1st. This is the time when they hold New Year's celebrations on all beaches, accompanied by music, dancing, and fireworks.
Lovers of colorful carnivals rush to Melbourne at the Moomba Festival in early March. Guests can enjoy costume parades, mass folk festivities, colorful salutes, and gastronomic programs.
City transport in Melbourne is represented by trams, buses, and subway. It is more convenient to get around the city center by tram and to use a bus to get to the suburbs. There are two transport zones. The first one is the center and the distance up to 12 km from it, and the second one is more distant routes. The cost of a ride depends on the zone. Thus, in the first zone, it is $3.5, in the second — $2.42. There are special Myki cards sold for $6 to pay for the fare in public transport. The cards have a certain amount of money on them.
If you travel to Melbourne, take both light and warm clothes. Be prepared that summer can be changed by late autumn during the day, and vice versa. Never go out without an umbrella. It rains almost every day and starts very suddenly.
Restaurants, cafes, and other public catering establishments in the city meet at every turn. Prices in street cafes and restaurants are quite democratic. For example, a Big Mac with potatoes and coke will cost $7, and an inexpensive lunch for one — up to $12, and a dinner for two with alcoholic beverages — about $62.
What should a tourist do in Melbourne
Beautiful metropolis fascinates tourists with its dynamic rhythm of life, the atmosphere of freedom, and comfort from the first minutes. But you should walk through popular tourist places to feel the special spirit of the cultural capital of the continent.
Stroll around Federation Square, which occupies an entire quarter. It is the venue for various city events. The square is surrounded by fantastic shard-shaped buildings with shops, exhibition halls, restaurants, and cafes.
- Admire the second-largest skyscraper on the continent, Eureka Tower. The building is 297 m high and soars up to 92 floors. The construction was built to commemorate the bloody uprising of the gold diggers in the XIX century. Elements of the golden crown and red stripe in its design indicate this.
- Admire the exposition of the Royal Exhibition Building. The majestic construction of the center was built in the XIX century. The dome of the building is a copy of the Florentine Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore. On the outside, the building looks like a beautiful palace, and there are various interesting exhibitions inside of it.
- Get acquainted with the magnificent St. Patrick's Cathedral. Built in 1939, the temple is made in the neo-Gothic style. Come inside and admire the Venetian mosaics, amber windows, and marble altar.
- Relax in the unique Royal Botanical Gardens. Situated along the banks of the Yarra River, they cover an area of 1800 hectares. This is one of the best botanical parks in the world, where more than 10 thousand plant species from Australia and other continents grow. See the splendor of amazing collections of cacti, ferns, camellias, roses, and other flora.
- Visit Captain Cook's Cottage, which is popular among tourists. The house of the famous navigator's parents was bought by the Australian government in 1933 and moved from England. The small stone mansion tells the story of the childhood and youth of the discoverer of new lands.
- Rise above the city on Australia's only Ferris wheel, the Southern Star. A breathtaking view of Melbourne can be seen from a height of 120 m. One such fascinating ride takes about 30 minutes, and comfortable cabins with tables make the ascent and descent remarkably comfortable.
- Take a tour of the aquarium, which is located in a building built like a ship. It is considered one of the best in the world. Visitors can walk through the glass corridors in close proximity to the mighty predators of the ocean — flat-headed cow sharks, nurse sharks. There are also many rare species of fauna — fish and marine mammals, tarantulas and scorpions, sub-Antarctic and royal penguins.
- Spend an exciting day in the continent's oldest zoo. Built in 1862, it was a temporary shelter for animals brought from other continents. Here they had to go through a kind of acclimatization. But ten years later, the zoo began to acquire exotic animals to form its exhibitions. Today the zoological garden occupies 22 hectares and presents to visitors more than 320 thousand species of animals from all over the planet.
- Look at the largest open market in the Southern Hemisphere, bearing the name of Queen Victoria. The market, which was built back in the XIX century, now occupies an area of seven hectares. Here you can buy fresh fruits and vegetables, fish, meat, and local delicacies. If you are looking for gifts, pay attention to copies of household items and culture of aborigines, jewelry, original souvenirs.
- Taste Australia's national cuisine. Local indigenous dishes are prepared with lots of spices and seasonings. You should order Vegemite (salted pasta based on yeast extract), meat cooked on coals, and an Australian meat pie. For dessert, try frog cake (a sponge cake), lamington (sponge cake with coconut chips, and chocolate icing).