Melbourne-1
Discover Melbourne
The city of gardens and skyscrapers
Melbourne, one of Australia's largest metropolises, stretches in a picturesque bay along the Yarra River

Municipalities of Melbourne

According to the administrative division, the city consists of the central part and 30 municipalities, 4 of which are considered to be suburban areas. The central part is of the greatest interest for tourists. The majority of historical monuments, including magnificent buildings of the Victorian era, are located there.

Travelers also love the following Melbourne areas:

  • Carlton. Immigrants from Italy settled in this part of the city. Architecture and numerous cafes remind us of this. In Carlton, tourists can visit Melbourne Zoo.
  • Fitzroy. A bohemian neighborhood loved by representatives of non-traditional views, geeks, and hipsters. Here you can find the Fitzroy Gardens, which is so popular among citizens and guests.
  • Prahran. The wealthiest and most prestigious district in the city. Stylishly-dressed people, expensive shops, respectable restaurants, fashionable clubs — all this can be found in Prahran.
  • St Kilda. If you like bustling parties and other nightlife entertainment, be sure to check out this part of town.
  • Richmond. Melbourne people come here for fresh fruits and vegetables supplied by local farmers.
  • The district of the Yarra River. This is a favorite place of recreation for citizens and guests. Mountain climate, lush vegetation, ferns, and vineyards — you can have a great break from the bustle of the city here.

Map Melbourne

Population

In 2015, the city was home to over 4.5 million people. The national composition of Melbourne citizens is very diverse. It is inhabited by immigrants from more than 200 countries in the world. Around 180 languages are spoken in the streets of the city. The majority of people living here are from England, Ireland, Scotland, Italy, New Zealand, Asia, Greece, Sri Lanka. Of all the inhabitants of the city, only 0.6% are indigenous peoples of the continent.

Brief history

Australian Aboriginal tribes have been living in modern Melbourne for 40,000 years. In the early years of the XIX century, the British established a convict settlement here that lasted only a few months. In 1835, the English farmer John Batman bought the land from Australian tribal leaders. But at that time, there was already a town of first settlers. The result was a co-management agreement. In 1836, the city became the administrative center of Port Phillip County. A year later, it was named Melbourne after the British Prime Minister at the time.

Since 1851, Melbourne has been the capital of the state of Victoria. The city's flourishing period coincides with a "gold rush". Its favorable location in a convenient bay also contributed to the success. They started to build homes and government buildings, parks, and gardens and pave the wide boulevards. The headquarters of many banks appear in the city. And in 1861, the first stock exchange on the continent was opened. At the end of the XIX century, Melbourne was already considered to be one of the wealthiest cities in the world.

But in 1891, the development was interrupted by a major economic and bank crisis. Its effects were felt for several decades.

Melbourne was Australia's capital from 1901 to 1927. During World War II, the city received large military orders and became a huge industrial center. After the war, crowds of immigrants flooded into Melbourne, contributing to its further development.

Since 2000, Melbourne has outperformed all other cities in the country in economic growth. Seven times it has been recognized as the most comfortable city to live in on the planet.

Beautiful Melbourne has been able to blend the diversity of cultures from different nations, preserve marvelous monuments, and reveal the beauty of local nature.

Trip budget

Before the trip, you should calculate the approximate budget that you will require for the travel:

The best time to visit Melbourne

The city's moderate maritime climate is famous for its frequent whims of the weather: sharp changes in temperature or sudden rain. In Australia, the seasons do not correspond to those in the rest of the world. Winters are warm, with an average temperature of +18 ºС — +22 ºС. Sometimes, the air warms up to +28 ºС — +30 ºС. Summers are chilly. The stem of the thermometer usually keeps at +12 ºС — +16 ºС.

Melbourne attracts tourists at any time of year. But experienced travelers prefer to come here in October and November. The weather is moderately warm at this time, and the greenery around is still fresh emerald.

If you want to celebrate New Year in an original way, come here by January 1st. This is the time when they hold New Year's celebrations on all beaches, accompanied by music, dancing, and fireworks.

Lovers of colorful carnivals rush to Melbourne at the Moomba Festival in early March. Guests can enjoy costume parades, mass folk festivities, colorful salutes, and gastronomic programs.

Useful notes

What should a tourist do in Melbourne

Beautiful metropolis fascinates tourists with its dynamic rhythm of life, the atmosphere of freedom, and comfort from the first minutes. But you should walk through popular tourist places to feel the special spirit of the cultural capital of the continent.

Stroll around Federation Square, which occupies an entire quarter. It is the venue for various city events. The square is surrounded by fantastic shard-shaped buildings with shops, exhibition halls, restaurants, and cafes.

  • Admire the second-largest skyscraper on the continent, Eureka Tower. The building is 297 m high and soars up to 92 floors. The construction was built to commemorate the bloody uprising of the gold diggers in the XIX century. Elements of the golden crown and red stripe in its design indicate this.
  • Admire the exposition of the Royal Exhibition Building. The majestic construction of the center was built in the XIX century. The dome of the building is a copy of the Florentine Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore. On the outside, the building looks like a beautiful palace, and there are various interesting exhibitions inside of it.
  • Get acquainted with the magnificent St. Patrick's Cathedral. Built in 1939, the temple is made in the neo-Gothic style. Come inside and admire the Venetian mosaics, amber windows, and marble altar.
  • Relax in the unique Royal Botanical Gardens. Situated along the banks of the Yarra River, they cover an area of 1800 hectares. This is one of the best botanical parks in the world, where more than 10 thousand plant species from Australia and other continents grow. See the splendor of amazing collections of cacti, ferns, camellias, roses, and other flora.
  • Visit Captain Cook's Cottage, which is popular among tourists. The house of the famous navigator's parents was bought by the Australian government in 1933 and moved from England. The small stone mansion tells the story of the childhood and youth of the discoverer of new lands.
  • Rise above the city on Australia's only Ferris wheel, the Southern Star. A breathtaking view of Melbourne can be seen from a height of 120 m. One such fascinating ride takes about 30 minutes, and comfortable cabins with tables make the ascent and descent remarkably comfortable.
  • Take a tour of the aquarium, which is located in a building built like a ship. It is considered one of the best in the world. Visitors can walk through the glass corridors in close proximity to the mighty predators of the ocean — flat-headed cow sharks, nurse sharks. There are also many rare species of fauna — fish and marine mammals, tarantulas and scorpions, sub-Antarctic and royal penguins.
  • Spend an exciting day in the continent's oldest zoo. Built in 1862, it was a temporary shelter for animals brought from other continents. Here they had to go through a kind of acclimatization. But ten years later, the zoo began to acquire exotic animals to form its exhibitions. Today the zoological garden occupies 22 hectares and presents to visitors more than 320 thousand species of animals from all over the planet.
  • Look at the largest open market in the Southern Hemisphere, bearing the name of Queen Victoria. The market, which was built back in the XIX century, now occupies an area of seven hectares. Here you can buy fresh fruits and vegetables, fish, meat, and local delicacies. If you are looking for gifts, pay attention to copies of household items and culture of aborigines, jewelry, original souvenirs.
  • Taste Australia's national cuisine. Local indigenous dishes are prepared with lots of spices and seasonings. You should order Vegemite (salted pasta based on yeast extract), meat cooked on coals, and an Australian meat pie. For dessert, try frog cake (a sponge cake), lamington (sponge cake with coconut chips, and chocolate icing).

Hotels in Melbourne

Latest articles

All
Center Place in Melbourne
Adventure
24.10.2022
Things to see in Melbourne - the city of museums and art venues
Sydney Modern Project
News
08.04.2022
New attraction will open in Sydney
Streets Beach at South Bank Park in Brisbane
News
08.02.2022
Australia opens its borders
Road along Gatton Clifton Rd in Queensland
News
19.01.2022
Mount Hallen landscape mountain for sale in Australia
Pool at Bondi Beach in Sydney
News
20.10.2021
Sydney will allow international travelers without mandatory quarantine
Balloons over Bondi Beach
News
06.10.2021
Australia to open borders to its citizens from November 1