Discover Sydney
"Civilized exotics"

The city of skyscrapers, parks and sandy beaches

Districts of Sydney

Sydney consists of 38 districts, which report to the local government. The elected councils of the districts have quite a few responsibilities, from maintaining cleanliness to strategies for the development of the area. Each has its own mayor, and they are also divided into districts. But in general, the city is controlled by the NSW state government. The capital of Australia is a relatively young city, so even the formally older neighborhoods don't stand out as much as in European cities. Here, colonial-era houses in the city center are neighboring futuristic skyscrapers.


Sydney is one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the world. About one-third of the population of the city and its suburbs were born outside of Australia. Almost 20% are from Asia. There are quite a few immigrants from Great Britain. Most people who come here permanently live in the capital of Australia. English is the main language spoken, but almost everyone speaks another language, such as Chinese, Arabic, or Vietnamese. The locals are friendly and welcoming to tourists.

Brief history

The first humans appeared here 30,000 years ago, but the first settlement appeared only with the arrival of Europeans. In 1770, navigator and discoverer James Cook sailed to Australia. He visited Botany Bay and named the land he discovered New South Wales. At that time, the prisons of Great Britain were overcrowded, and the colonial authorities decided to develop the new lands with the help of prisoners. Already in early 1788, the so-called First Fleet, led by Arthur Phillip, arrived in Botany Bay.

However, Sydney itself, named for the Minister of the Colonies, was founded further south (Port Jackson Bay). The 26th of January is the day of the foundation of Sydney, and it is celebrated in Australia as a national holiday (Sydney got the status of a city in 1842).

The development of the city is connected with active immigration from the Old World during the XIX century, the seizure of territory, and confrontation with the local Aborigines. Electric street lighting quickly appeared here, and streetcars started operating fairly early.

Although Australia took part in two world wars, there were no military operations on the continent itself. In the 1950s and 1970s, there was active immigration from Europe and later from Asia. This led to Sydney being one of the most cosmopolitan and multicultural cities in the world.

Today, Sydney is a very controversial city with masterpieces of engineering and architecture (the Sydney Bridge of 1932, the famous opera), a zoo, beaches, and more, making tourists travel here from all over the world.

The best time to visit Sydney

Sydney is in a subtropical oceanic climate zone. It's warmest in January, and the coldest month is July. The high season lasts from January to April. Although you can swim all year round, the least favorable time to relax is during the summer months, especially August. Sydney hosts the Mardi Gras LGBT Culture Festival, one of the largest in the world. If you want to see this event live, you should plan your trip to Sydney in early March.

Useful notes

Things to do in Sydney

  • Visit the city's main attraction, the Sydney Opera House. Don't hesitate to spend money on performance because it has the world's largest organ and some of the best actors on the continent. Take a guided tour and don't miss the evening light show on the facade of the Opera House!
  • Visit the famous Harbour Bridge. You can stand on its observation deck overlooking Sydney Harbour and the city itself. If you like panoramic views, you can also visit the Sydney Television Tower. There are two observation decks at the height of 250 and 268 meters.
  • Enjoy the beauty of nature at the Royal Botanic Gardens in the city center. You can also visit Sydney Harbour National Park and the Chinese Garden of Friendship. Sydney is famous for its extensive green zones where you can stroll and picnic on the lawn.
  • Taste gourmet seafood at the Sydney Fish Market. You can grab a bite to eat in the café or have a chef cook up a meal from ingredients you've chosen at the market.
  • Watch marine life at the Sydney Aquarium, one of the largest in the world. You can walk around for hours watching thousands of different fish, corals, and sharks. If you like a thrill, you can dive into the shark tank. Don't miss the Taronga Zoo.
  • Learn about Australian history and culture at the National Maritime Museum, Art Gallery of New South Wales, and the Australian Museum, and listen to lectures at the Sydney Observatory.
  • Walk around Sydney's historic Rocks district. It is full of popular eateries and historic stone houses. The Town Hall, a sandstone town hall, is one of the preserved original XIX-century buildings. Visit the Victorian-era Balmain and Paddington neighborhoods, as well as St. James Church and the Mint.
  • Take a swim at Sydney's beautiful beaches. The most fashionable is Bondi Beach. It's suitable for surfing, and there are plenty of bars around. Manly Beach is excellent for sports, and it's also municipal and free. Wattamolla Beach is great for a picnic.
  • Take a cruise on a ferry, yacht, or liner on Sydney Harbor. Enjoy panoramic views, food, drinks, and a light ocean breeze.

Map Sydney

Hotels in Sydney

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