Discover Salzburg
The city of fairy castles, the world center of music, and the birthplace of Mozart

Mountain views and breathtaking history

Administrative division of Salzburg

Salzburg is administratively divided into the Old Town and the New Town. The former is located on the left bank of the Salzach River and includes the historic city center. There are a lot of attractions, such as the main square Residenzplatz, Benedictine Abbey, the Cathedral, and many others.

The New Town is situated opposite the Old Town, on the right bank of the Salzach River on the Kapuzinerberg Mountain. The younger part of Salzburg was built in the XVII-XVIII centuries. You can find the Mirabellgarten Park, Mozart's House, the Church of St. Sebastian, and other interesting historical, architectural, and cultural monuments.

A separate area of the city is the peak and the neighborhood of Mount Festung. The first city-forming fortress, Hohensalzburg, is situated here, on a huge square, where you can walk through the museum, see the monastery, and have a look at the palace.

All areas of this fascinating city are interesting in their own way and worthy of tourists' attention.

Population of Salzburg

Salzburg is home to almost 150,000 people. The population can double during the tourist season. It is worth noting that this Austrian city has a large concentration of young people, as Salzburg is home to three major universities.

Salzburg: from a "salt castle" to "crown land"

In the VIII century, Bishop Rupert erected the monastery of St. Peter on the lands belonging to modern Salzburg. In time, it grew into a city. Since then, St. Bishop Rupert has been considered the protector of Salzburg. The Latin name Salzburg translates as "salt castle." They mined salt on its territory from ancient times and then sold it to local residents and transported it to neighboring cities. In the XVII century, the city changed its appearance due to the work of architects from Italy. The architecture of Salzburg became the best example of the European Baroque.

In the early 1800s, as a result of the Napoleonic conquests, Salzburg came under Austrian influence.

During World War II, the city was constantly bombed and destroyed, and as a result, most of its buildings were damaged. But, to the delight of the Austrians, the heart of the city, its historic center, survived almost entirely. The Allies of Austria liberated Salzburg on May 5, 1945.

Modern Salzburg is a favorite city of tourists visiting Austria. The Old Town, which miraculously survived the war, is on the honorable, protected list of UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Sites.

The best time to visit Salzburg

A large influx of tourists in Salzburg occurs during the summer months from June to September. During this time, most hotels and restaurants raise the prices of their services greatly. And the city is filled with crowds of tourists. In winter, however, Salzburg is quite cold, which can prevent you from enjoying a variety of excursions and activities. It would be ideal to visit this picturesque Austrian city in late spring or early fall. During this period, you can enjoy its delightful sights in the fresh air, comfort, and pleasure.

Useful notes

Things to do in Salzburg

  • Climb Mount Capuchinerberg. You can get here by cable car, stairs, or a serpentine. In any case, you can see the entire city and the Hohensalzburg fortress, which we definitely recommend you visit separately. During the Middle Ages, the castle was constantly expanded and rebuilt, and today it is the largest medieval castle in Europe.
  • Admire the Mirabell Palace and the surrounding area. It is a delightful architectural and park composition with a snow-white palace and a stunning landscape. "Mirabell stands for "beauty," and it is truly a mesmerizing sight.
  • Stroll down the old shopping street Getreidegasse and see the house where the great Mozart was born. It is a museum apartment, which contains personal belongings and works of the composer. This part of the old city is decorated with authentic signs, stylized in the old days. Getreidegasse offers an abundance of stores, cafes, and restaurants.
  • Admire the Residence of Archbishops and the Cathedral. Both are very close by and will amaze you with their beauty. It is worth mentioning that Mozart's parents were married in this very cathedral. And art lovers will be interested in visiting the art gallery, located in the Residence of the Archbishops, where there are paintings of masters of the XVI-XIX centuries.
  • Enjoy the majestic sound of the organ at Mozarteum University. And, at the same time, you can admire the colossal Art Nouveau building of the university itself. Mozart's letters are preserved here, and nearby, there is the small house where he composed the Magic Flute.
  • Visit the Dürnberg salt mines on the outskirts of Salzburg. There is a small underground lake hidden here, on which you can ride a wooden ferry. And a colorful little train will take you to the surface.
  • Watch an unusual show at the Mechanical Theater, which will not leave anyone indifferent. It is located a few kilometers from the city, in Hellbrunn — the country residence of the Archbishop. It offers performances of 256 moving figures depicting the medieval domestic scenes to the sound of a water organ. In addition to the theater, there is the Hellbrunn Palace, an amphitheater, a park with unusual fountains, grottos, sculptures, the Stone Theater, and the castle on the side of the mountain.
  • Try the local dessert. It is definitely worth having a cup of fragrant Austrian coffee with the traditional dessert Nockerln, which symbolizes the three hills surrounding the center of Salzburg.

Map Salzburg

Hotels in Salzburg

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