Discover Ottawa
Canada's green capital

A cozy city with a high standard of living and the cleanest air

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Districts of Ottawa

Ottawa has a centralized system of government, the City Council and City Hall. The administrative-territorial division is represented by several districts: electoral, police, and divided according to the historical principle. The latter gradation into districts is the most interesting for visitors to the city, each of which has its own characteristic features. Learn a little more about some of them. Ottawa City Centre (Downtown) — the business part of the capital. Most government buildings are located here.

South of Downtown is the trendy area of The Glebe, with nice modern buildings and expensive restaurants.

Prestigious areas for life are considered the East End, Rockcliffe Park, New Edinburgh.

The embassy buildings, gourmet restaurants, places of interest, the largest Chapters bookstore, trendy nightclubs, and bars can be found in Lower Town.

Ottawa's historic neighborhoods include Sandy Hill, East Ottawa, and South Ottawa.

Be sure to check out Chinatown and Little Italy, ethnic neighborhoods that will attract tourists with their flair.

And Riverview will delight you with marvelous parks.

Mechanicsville is unusual because the buildings have a perpendicular layout; the houses here are siding with wooden frames.

The Hindenburg is a neighborhood of contrasts, where buildings of historical value are neighboring masterpieces of modern engineering.

And yet Ottawa, except for the downtown areas, is still a charming low-rise city with the cleanest air. This was due to the fact that in the middle of the XX century, all railway infrastructure and industrial plants were moved outside the capital. Around the city, they created a natural ecological area called Ottawa's Green Belt.

Population

About a quarter of today's Ottawa residents were born outside of the Canadian state. The indigenous inhabitants of Canadian lands were Indians, who lived mainly by hunting and fishing; some engaged in agriculture. The tribes existed in isolation and had little contact with each other. The languages of communication were Athabaskan and Algonquian. Indians worshipped the spirits of nature and tried to live in harmony with it.

Ottawa of the XXI century is a city with a young population. Almost half of its residents are under the age of 35. They are the descendants of Europeans who came here in the last two hundred years. The capital boasts the highest level of education in Canada — more than half of its citizens have a degree, diploma, or certificate. Ottawa is a city with many different levels of educational institutions. Each year, the population of the capital grows significantly due to the students who come here from all over the world. Residents of the city are friendly and always welcome visitors.

Brief history

Canada's capital city has a relatively young history. Before European settlement, modern Ottawa's territory was a place of trade meetings of Native American tribes. Historians believe that before the beginning of the XVII century, this area was inhabited by a tribe of North American Indians, which was called the Ottawa. As a result of the beaver wars (fighting for a monopoly on the fur trade), the tribe left their territory. There are also versions that Ottawa translates from Algonquin as a meeting place.

In the second half of the XVIII century, this area was conquered by the British. They began to be built a fort, churches, enterprises for harvesting timber and furs. The first settlement, built with wooden houses, numbering about 2,000 people, appeared.

In the early part of the XIX century, a navigable canal began to be built between the Ottawa and Rideau Rivers. The population of the settlement increased due to construction workers up to 10 thousand people. The city was actively being built and continued to develop, with the lumber industry taking the lead in the city's economy.

At the end of 1857, Queen Victoria received a letter requesting to determine the capital of the Canadian state. Geography and politics tipped the scales in Ottawa's favor. In 1867, it was officially proclaimed the capital of Canada.

On Barracks Hill, not far from the Rideau Canal, the magnificent Houses of Parliament were built. The best engineers and builders were employed, and a considerable amount of money was spent. Ottawa was rapidly changing.

Today Canada's capital is the fourth-largest city in the country and the sixth-largest in the world in terms of quality of life. It is a cultural, economic, and technological center of international standing. Many of the world's companies have opened their research centers and offices here. The well-kept, green, highly developed infrastructure, comfortable, the picturesque capital of Canada is undoubtedly attractive for tourists, who come here from different corners of the world every year to see it with their own eyes.

The best time to visit Ottawa

Ottawa has a moderate continental climate. Summers are predominantly hot. The average temperature in July is +20°C. The best time to visit the capital of Canada is considered the period from May to September. During this time, it is warm, sunny, and an ideal time for walks. The weather is beautiful, and the air temperature rises to +24°C - +21°C.

In March, there is still snow, and the temperature does not rise above 0°C. The first snowfall is expected in November. Winter in Ottawa is harsh, with an average temperature of -11°C in January, but it can drop down to -25°C or even -30°C. Ottawa is considered the snowiest capital in the world and one of the coldest. It snows the most in December. Despite the cold, on the pre-New Year's Eve, people come here for the holiday mood, the atmosphere of magic. And also to go skating on the Rideau Canal.

Useful notes

Things to do in Ottawa

  • Visit the Papanack Park Zoo. The magnificent variety of fauna from all over the world makes a great impression. The zoo staff will be happy to share interesting information about any of the animals. You can even feed and pet many of them. This trip will bring pleasure not only to children but also to adults.
  • Admire the beautiful birds of the picturesque island of Petrie, where, in peace and quiet, there are many species of birds. You can also watch the life of rare species of turtles, take unforgettable colorful, and vivid photos.
  • Pay tribute to the women and men of the Canadian Navy at the Royal Canadian Navy Monument.
  • Attend the largest tulip festival in the world, the Canadian Tulip Festival, held here every year from May 12 to 22. Enjoy this magnificent spectacle, a festival of color and tenderness.
  • Go shopping at the St. Laurent Centre Mall. This is a huge shopping center, the largest in the city, with 195 stores of world-famous brands. You can recover from shopping in the beauty salon, creating a new look.
  • Buy a silver or gold coin for good luck by visiting the Mint Museum. Here you can see the process of minting and gold coin weighing 100 kg, thanks to which the museum entered the Guinness Book of Records.
  • Climb up to the viewing platform of the Tower of Parliament from where you can enjoy a dizzying view of Parliament Hill and the cityscape. Of course, it's worth a visit to Parliament itself to soak up the spirit and atmosphere of the country.
  • Don't miss the changing of the guard at the Rideau Hall (the royal residence). Everyone can watch it, but only during the summer months. It is a truly colorful and unforgettable action.
  • At the ByWard Market, buy cute things made by Indians and Eskimos. Elegant jewelry boxes, unusual masks, statuettes will be a wonderful reminder of this trip.
  • See all the magnificence and variety of frost-resistant roses, peonies, lilacs, get aesthetic pleasure and the most positive emotions from communication with the most beautiful flowers of all colors and shades in the ornamental gardens of Ottawa.
  • Try the tourtiere (meat pie with three kinds of meat), which takes about six hours to bake, and for dessert, order the famous nanaimo — a three-layer cake with chocolate, cookies, mint extract, and coconut chips, which is served chilled and will touch the delicate strings of the soul of the most demanding sweet tooth.

Map Ottawa

Hotels in Ottawa

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