Discover Quebec City
Child of France and Canada

Little Paris in the middle of North America

Districts of Quebec City

  • Quebec is divided into six boroughs: La Cité-Limoilou, Les Rivières, Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge, Charlesbourg, Beauport, La Haute-Saint-Charles. Each of them houses cozy neighborhoods with unique attractions. 
  • In Old Quebec, almost all structures are preserved buildings of the XVII-XVIII centuries. The city council, the Quebec Seminary, monasteries, and a fortress are located in the center. This part of the city is quite popular among visiting tourists also thanks to a grand hotel, located in the legendary Chateau-Frontenac. In the maze of winding ancient streets, you can plunge into the history of the city. 
  • The Old Port district is surrounded on one side by the mighty Saint Lawrence River and on the other — by welcoming cafes with cozy terraces, tempting restaurants, intriguing galleries, and antique stores. 
  • Montcalm is a center of creativity and cultural leisure. It is home to the National Museums of Fine Arts, with the Plains of Abraham in the background.
  • The district of Saint-Roch never sleeps. Its streets are tunnels of lanterns and glowing storefronts and bars. The cafes here boast live music, and the number of vintage boutiques and stores is dizzying. 
  • Saint-Jean-Baptiste lies between Old Quebec and Montcalm, and it's a gourmet paradise. Walking the cobbled streets, you can visit bakeries, chocolate stores, grocery stores, bookstores, and music stores.
  • La Cité-Limoilou is a welcoming and authentic neighborhood of cozy homes, bakeries, coffee shops, and grocery stores with signature products. There's a quiet, intimate atmosphere, and young families picnic in the parks.
  • Sillery is an exquisite neighborhood that boasts gorgeous parks and flower gardens. It's home to beautiful pastry shops and luxurious old houses built by the British.

Population of Quebec

In total, more than 500,000 people are living in the city. The number of residents is gradually increasing due to active migration processes. The province of the same name contains 24% of the total population of Canada.  The main and only language in Quebec is French. Good knowledge of English is only about 15%. Men make up 48.2% and women — 51.8%. Among the "visible minority" nationalities, 3% are African-Americans, one percent are Arabs, and one percent are Asians.

Brief history

The land on which the city is now located first emerged from under the water 6,000 years ago. The history of the city's foundation had not begun until 1534, when a Breton navigator, Jacques Cartier, began to explore the eastern lands of the Americas. He chose the region, which was on the same parallel with France. He founded the first settlement of Charlesbourg-Royal, which had existed for one year.

Quebec we know nowadays was founded on July 3, 1608, by the French explorer Samuel de Champlain. The so-called father of New France ruled the city throughout his life. At first, Quebec was a colonial town with monumental architecture in the center and the shacks of the poor in the suburbs. Farm products and imported goods from France coexisted in the two markets.

But soon (in 1759), the English occupied Quebec for four years. During that time, the city became the epicenter of the greatest battles, and Benjamin West wrote a painting about one of them, and James Curwood wrote a book, The Plains of Abraham.

Later, during the American Revolution, the British garrison put an end to hopes of uniting the United States and Canada. To secure itself against possible attacks, in 1820, the construction of the Quebec Fortress began, which is still used for military purposes and attracts tourists.

In 1840, the city was chosen as the capital of the Dominion of Canada. Over the following decades, Quebec City erected the Parliament building, the Church of Saint-Jean-Baptiste, the Château Frontenac, and opened a funicular railway.

In 1917, the Quebec Bridge was built, connecting the two banks of the Saint Lawrence River.

During World War II, two conferences were held in Quebec City, one of which was even attended by Churchill and Roosevelt. During these meetings, most of the plans for landing troops in Normandy were negotiated.

Modern-day Quebec has expanded considerably, attaching suburban areas to itself. In 2005, the world's largest World Police and Fire Games were held here.

The best time to visit Quebec City

The moderate climate of the city divides the year into four distinct seasons. The temperature rises to +26°C in the hot summer, and in winter, it drops to -20°C. To avoid the crowds of tourists, you should come here in April, May, or June. Winter is the best time to visit Old Quebec, which is most magical under a blanket of snow. Summer is perfect for fun-seekers. Thousands of travelers gather here in July for the annual music festival.

In the fall, the natural beauties of the city are best revealed. The crimson color of its maples complements Quebec City's colonial architecture to perfection.

The best time to explore the beautiful gardens with magnificent blooming flowers is in the spring. It's also the time for the Québec Exquis culinary festival, where you can enjoy the local cuisine.

Useful notes

Things to do in Quebec

  • Marvel at the city's most famous landmark, the medieval five-star Grand Hotel Château-Frontenac. The castle and its majestic central tower, designed by an American architect, are located at the top of Cap Diamant. It's the most impressive place in Quebec, especially for a memorable photo.
  • Visit one of Canada's significant places, the Plains of Abraham, where the city park is now located. It is popular with outdoor enthusiasts and festivals.
  • Take a stroll through the historic Old Town district. On the cozy, colorful streets of Place Royale and Petit-Champlain, you can trace the entire 400-year and incredible history of the birth of New France. And the fortifications and gates around will make you feel like you're in the past.
  • Enjoy the beauty and grandeur of the Basilica of Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré. Be sure to go inside and admire the magnificent stained-glass windows, paintings, mosaics, stone and wooden sculptures.
  • Climb the scenic staircase or cross the suspension bridge at Montmorency Falls. It is 30 meters higher than Niagara Falls and is simply breathtaking in its power.
  • Stroll along Dufferin Terrace, which offers a magnificent view of the Saint Lawrence River and Château Frontenac. It is named after the Governor-General of Canada, who loved Quebec City. This terrace is so popular that it has had to be doubled in size since it was built.
  • Taste the best of traditional cuisine in atmospheric establishments in the city. For example, Buffet de l'Antiquaire serves Québec French-style stewed meatballs (ragoût de boulettes) flavored with cinnamon, mace, marjoram, sage, and cloves. Aux Anciens Canadiens offers bison Burgundy and caribou. And in La Bûche, you should enjoy maple syrup pudding decorated with bacon chips.
  • Go to the small Île d'Orléans, famous for its stone houses built by French colonists. When you come here, you can immerse yourself in the times of rural Quebec in the XVIII century with farms and churches. There are plenty of vineyards, chocolatiers, and cheese stores on the island.
  • Visit the National Museum of Fine Arts at the Plains of Abraham. The permanent collections feature works by some of Quebec's greatest creators, as well as impressive displays of Inuit art. Every year, the museum hosts exhibitions of major international artists. The stunning new Lassonde Pavilion is a favorite among Instagrammers. The pathways and staircases, flooded with light coming out of tall glass windows, beckon tourists in search of the best photo perspectives.
  • Immerse yourself in the life of the once-mighty Huron Indian tribe in the village of Wendake. While warming up by the fire in an ancient house, you can not only listen to myths and legends but also taste juicy dishes of northern terroir cuisine, from wild game meat and corn.

Map Quebec City

Hotels in Quebec City

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