Discover Shenzhen
Chinese Silicon Valley

The city of skyscrapers, modern parks, and new technologies

Population

In 1980, the city began a rapid growth of its population. If at the end of the 1970s 314.1 thousand people were living here, in 1982 — 351.9 thousand, in 1990 — 1,214.8 thousand, and in 2000 — 7,008.4 thousand residents. Thanks to the constant influx of migrants, the total number of Shenzhen residents reached 13.22 million by the end of 2010. In 2019, the city's population was 10,357,938. As of 2010, there were about 430,000 foreigners temporarily or permanently living in Shenzhen.

Most Chinese traditionally adhere to Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism, while a small portion adheres to Christianity and Islam.

History

The first settlements on the territory of Shengzhen appeared as early as the III century BC. For a long time, this place was home to the Baiyue tribe, skilled in fishing. Over time, the land began to attract Chinese colonists. They later discovered rich salt deposits on the banks of the Zhujiang River. During the Yuan dynasty, pearl mining was added to the traditional salt and spice trade. The earliest mention of the city's name dates back to 1410 (the time of the Ming Empire).

In 1979, Deng Xiaoping (Chinese politician and statesman) chose Shenzhen as a place to create a new economic zone as part of his large-scale reforms. Each year, industrial districts appeared in the city, and its population grew rapidly. As early as 1999, Shenzhen hosted the most important event — the China High-Tech Fair. Since then, it's been held here regularly. The modern city boasts many large industrial facilities, cultural complexes of world significance, as well as huge shopping and entertainment centers.

The best time to visit Shenzhen

The city is located in a humid subtropical climate zone. The average annual temperature is +22°C. Summers here are humid, hot, and long. They last from June to early October. It is the season with the highest amount of precipitation. The average air temperature during the summer months is +34°C. The hottest of them are July and August (temperatures sometimes reach +40°C). Autumn in Shenzhen lasts from mid-October to December. The average temperature ranges from +25-30°C.

Winters are short, lasting from January to February. This season is considered the most comfortable to travel to Shenzhen. The average temperature is +19-21°C. Winter weather will be very mild and most suitable for long walks.

In spring, the weather tends to be unstable. However, at this time, you can see a stunning scenery with flowering trees. The temperature scale during this period does not drop below +22°C.

Shenzhen regularly hosts large-scale events, concerts, exhibitions, and parades. Traveling in winter, you can catch the celebration of the Chinese New Year or get acquainted with the country's traditional crafts at the exhibition Craft:The Reset. In the summertime, the city often hosts beach music festivals.

Useful notes

Things to do in Shenzhen

  • Go shopping. In addition to a large number of shopping centers, Shenzhen has one of the world's largest electronics markets. There you can find spare parts for any smartphone and assemble it on the spot. The price of such a pleasure will be extremely attractive. You will find a guide near the market who can help you choose the right parts for a small fee.
  • Go to Shenzhen Window of the World. This is a theme park where you can see about 150 world landmarks in scaled-down replicas. There is the Eiffel Tower, Piazza San Marco, the Colosseum of Rome, the Pyramids of Egypt, and much more. At nightfall, guests of the park will be treated to a light show.
  • Admire the beautiful scenery from the OCT East Shenzhen observation deck.
  • Explore the extraordinary achievements of science and technology at Shenzhen Science Museum. The museum's exhibits focus on biology, medicine, environmental protection, telecommunications, energy, and transportation. You can interactively explore many of them.
  • Rent a bike and ride around the city, and admire the panoramas along the way.
  • Enjoy the beauty of nature at the Xianhu Botanical Gardens. It is home to many fragrant plants, walking paths, and pavilions with sculptures and fountains. There are picnic zones and quiet rest areas within the garden.
  • Climb the Wutong Mountain. It takes a few hours to get to the top along long winding paths, but the views of the city from 973-meter-high are worth it. Plus, there are several scenic waterfalls along the way.
  • You can indulge in exotic national cuisine at local restaurants, cafes, or street food courts. If you are skeptical of fried insects, beef giblets, or pork tongues, you may prefer the simpler dishes. There are hot salads, fried rice or noodles with meat and vegetables, seafood, rice rolls, and soups. Be sure to try Chinese tea, such as tieguanyin, longjing, or pu-erh.

Map Shenzhen

Hotels in Shenzhen

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