If you want to abstract yourself from the fuss and just relax with enthusiasm, then Prague is a perfect fit for you. Here you can enrich both your body and mind. A charming ancient city allows you to admire historical monuments, gardens and parks, museums, galleries, and theatres. The capital of the Czech Republic is also known for its delicious beer, filling shin, and marvelous fried cheese.
Prague stands on the banks of the Vltava river. Its waters wash eight islands connected with the city with bridges. The Berounka river flows into it within the city limits, and the Vltava itself flows into the Laba river. The capital of the Czech Republic stands on several hills. This factor guarantees a splendid view of the city famous for its incredible gardens.
Districts of Prague
Such districts as Staré Město, Hradčany, Malá Strana, Nové Město, and Josefov are the most exciting neighborhoods for the tourists. The majority of the city's attractions are concentrated here - palaces, squares, towers, beautiful parks, museums, galleries, synagogues, and Roman-Catholic churches.
Attractions in Prague
Prague is a city that won't let you get bored. The iconic models of the architectural past greet you at every corner. Palaces, picturesque parks, refreshing fountains, and strolls down the waterfront - all of this can be found in one city. Once you accomplish the cultural program, you can relax with a glass of beer in a local pub. We highly recommend you to compile a list of attractions you want to visit in advance.
Population of Prague
A brief history of the city
Modern Prague is a large European city. However, according to history, several towns (Vyšehrad, Staroměst, and other) were situated on its territory. Their titles still name the ancient districts. Prague’s cities were united in 1784. In 1922, several suburbs adjoined Prague within the framework of the project called "Great Prague".
Throughout its existence, Prague was large trading, religious, and political center. The municipal government developed here rapidly.
The city survived the period of rises and falls under the reign of various rulers (Charles IV, Ferdinand I, Rudolf II, Maria Theresa), went through invasions and fires; however, all these events only case-hardened its spirit and secured its significance.
Prague is known as an architectural pearl of Europe as it has constructions from various epochs and styles - Gothic, Baroque, Romanticism, Classicism, Modern, etc. The most famous sights include Charles Bridge, St. Vitus Cathedral, Vyšehrad Castle, the Old Town Hall.
Prague is famous for its spirit of liberty (both in the Middle Ages and in the XX century, the city saw frequent rebellions and protests), theatres, museums, a historical center (the UNESCO World Heritage Site), delicious beer, and hospitality of the local citizens!
Before the trip, you should calculate the approximate budget that you will require for the travel:
|from 52 €/night||from 86 €/night||Start - 1.59 €, 1km - 1.12 €||1.3 €/liter||30 € for 2 person|
The best time to visit Prague
October is considered to be the best month for visiting Prague. There is almost no rain, open museums, a decrease in the tourist boom, and beautiful trees with yellow leaves. You can explore the parks, walk along the Vltava's waterfront, and take lots of bright pictures.
Winter in Prague is also quite warm. The average temperature is from -5 °С to 0 °С, and it rarely gets colder. However, strong wind and proximity to the river do their job, so you should better put on some warm clothes. It's especially important to plan your trip to Prague in winter. So, consider purchasing a pass ticket for public transport in advance.
Spring is quite sunny, but you should wear some windproof clothes. In March, you should bring some waterproof footwear as there is still plenty of snow. In spring, everything is in blossom, and you can't miss a chance to ascend various observation decks or visit numerous parks and gardens in Prague.
Before you start planning your trip, you can check out the events and festivals that happen in Prague in this period. For example, Book World Festival took place in May, Bohemia Jazz Fest is waiting for its guests at the end of July, and Mozart Prague Symphony happens in September. In general, summer is full of concerts and events.
Prague Christmas Markets sell their festive goods from the end of November till the end of December. Many fairs and markets are timed for different holidays. The neighboring cities (Brno, Karlovy Vary, Tabor, etc.) also offer a wide range of festivals.
Daily trams operate from 4.30 AM to midnight. At nights, trams numbered from 51 to 59 go every half an hour. All night routes intersect not far from Wenceslas Square. The metro stations are open from 5 AM to midnight on weekdays, and to 1 AM on weekends. Buses operate just like the trams. Night buses go every hour on routes № 501-514. You can buy tickets in ticket offices, machines at metro stations and stops, and in Tabak and Trafika kiosks. It's quite convenient to use a single ticket. There are short-term tickets for 30 and minutes, 24 and 72 hours. If you want to move around Prague with comfort and use all kinds of public transport, we recommend you purchase the Lítačka card. It can be personal and anonymous (only Express). The price depends on the waiting. The express card costs 200 korunas, standard (up to 14 days) costs 100 korunas, and the online card is only 50 korunas. The replacement of the expired card is twice cheaper. However, for a replacement for any reason, you will have you pay a full price. If you lose your card, you can get an Express for 50 korunas. The card is active within four years. Standard and online cards require a photograph.
Currency exchange offices can be found everywhere in Prague. Don't exchange your money at the airport, railway station, or in the hotel - these places offer unfavorable rates. Exchange points nearby Wenceslas Square, Church of Saint Nicholas, and at Staromestska metro station offer the best rates. If you use the ATM, choose English (even though Czech is quite easy to understand). Starting from April 2019, clients of the currency exchanges can withdraw the operation within three hours if they have a receipt. Moreover, any additional cost for the exchange business is forbidden. You should know your rights in a foreign country. We highly recommend you not to deal with money changers on the streets, be careful with your notes, and don't hesitate to call the police if anything happens.
From the end of March until the middle of November, an old tram № 91 does down streets of Prague. It goes around the center of the city on weekends and holidays.
Remember about your security. In the Czech Republic, under-age people can't have criminal charges pending against them. Therefore, pickpockets are often juveniles. Don't even try to steal a ride! Also, if you use an application or any other gimcrackery, a fine for fare-dodging is 27 euros. The majority of Prague's territory is bricked. Choosing high-heel shoes or thin-soled footwear is not the best idea. Consider wearing comfortable sports shoes.
If you decide to throw a shopping adventure, don't forget about Tax Free to return the taxes for the purchases over 200 euros. These documents will help you return some money. Sales in Prague's shops typically are at the beginning of July and October, and at the end of April and December. In the first part of winter, you can expect big Christmas sales. In Czech, "sleva" means sales.
What should a tourist do in Prague?
- Watch the most iconic symbols of Prague - Charles Bridge (it has been functioning since the XIV century!), Old Town Square and City Hall, St. Vitus Cathedral (it had been built for several centuries and was finished only in 1929).
- Enjoy the foamy beer that Prague is so proud of. Head to a beer tour around all drinking establishments in the Czech Republic's capital. Every tourist should definitely visit Prague Beer Museum, a brewery with an ancient tradition called "U Fleků" (it has been working from the XV century!), and the beer shop "Výtopna Railway Restaurant" where a beer will be delivered to your table in a tiny train.
- Attend the luxuriant palaces and castles that belonged to kings and the Medieval aristocracy. One can't miss Queen Anne's Summer Palace, Prague Castle, Visegrád Citadel, Troja Palace, the Czernin, and Wallenstein Palaces.
- Walk along Golden Lane in Prague Castle, where every tiny house is a museum. According to a legend, alchemists used to live on this street. Besides, there also was a Treasure here. These are two reasons why the road bears such a name. We highly recommend you not to miss the most extraordinary street in Prague - Vinarna Certovka. It's only 70 cm in width and even has a particular traffic light so that people won't run into each other.
- Take photos with the oddest monuments in the city. Prague is literally filled with them! Besides the famous monuments to Saint Wenceslas and Jan Hus, every tourist should pay attention to the creations of the renowned Czech sculptor David Černý. His most famous works include the statue of Sigmund Freud hanging by one hand, "Piss" outside the Franz Kafka Museum, a statue of St. Wenceslas riding a dead horse (a parody of the famous statue by Josef Václav Myslbek), "The Head of Franz Kafka", "Babies", "Brownnosing", and others. We also recommend you to attend the DOX Centre for Contemporary Art.
- See and capture the city from a height. You can achieve this from the Petřín Lookout Tower (60 m), Žižkov Television Tower (the observation deck is located at the height of 93 m), or the Powder Tower (from the observation deck at 44-meter height). There is also an observation deck at Petřín hill.
- Visit some Prague museums. The most renowned include the National Museum, National Technical Museum, the Army Museum Žižkov, and Franz Kafka Museum. If you are looking for some extraordinary museums, don't hesitate to check out Magic Garnet Museum, Museum of Thimbles, Torture Museum, and Sex Machines Museum. In case you are traveling with children, they will appreciate a visit to the Lego Museum, Choco-Story Chocolate Museum, the Toy Museum, and Museum of Prague Ghosts and Legends. Fascinating modern displays are offered in Apple Museum, Film Legends Museum, and National Film Museum (opened in January 2019).
- Watch a puppet show in Spejbl and Hurvínek Theatre, a play in Marionette Theatre, or listen to an opera in National Theatre. If you want something more contemporary, attend a performance at Image Black Light Theatre.
- Shop till you drop at Havelské Market (it's been open since the XIII century), or in shops and boutiques on the Old Town and Wenceslas Squares. An enormous shopping mall Palladium is located on Náměstí Republiky; boutiques can be found in Pařížská Street, nearby Flora, Chodov, and Černý metro stations. Flea markets work on Tylovo Square (till noon on Saturdays), and by Kolbenova metro station (till 1 PM on weekends). The high-quality leather footwear, make-up, Bohemian glass, porcelain and garnet, puppets, and more - you can purchase all of this as souvenirs either for yourself or your dear ones.