Berlin Cathedral is one of the most impressive old erections in the central district of Berlin.
The Cathedral is the largest representative of the evangelical church in Germany. It is located in the southern part of the Museum Island and one of its facades looks out onto the Lustgarten – a park by the water.
The History of Berlin Cathedral
The outstanding Cathedral of Berlin was designed and built by the architects Julius Raschdorff and his son Otto Raschdorff in the period of 1895-1905 on the place of the Karl Schinkel’s church at the order of Wilhelm II. Originally, the main landmark of Berlin was meant to be a family church, and it also was a family vault of the house of Hohenzollern.
This evangelical temple, the height of which is 116 meters, was conceived as a prototype to St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome. Tragically, during the World War II, the Cathedral was damaged in the bombing of Berlin. After fifty years, the reconstruction works had been completed but then the height of the cathedral was only 98 meters. A ceremonial opening of the renovated church was held on 6 June 1993, and the public was amazed by the magnificent interior of the cathedral.
Interior of the Berlin Cathedral
Distinguished Prussian artists were working on the interior of the most famous sight of Berlin. Special attention should be given to an organ created by an outstanding pipe organ builder Wilhelm Sauer, a pulpit made in Neo-Baroque style, a charming mosaic made by Anton von Werner, the famous painter that also worked on the stained-glass windows. The main chancel of Berlin Cathedral remained from the original church: a notable architect Friedrich August Stüler was the creator of the altar.
What You Should Definitely See
The inquisitive tourists can visit a crypt belonging to the royal dynasty of the Hohenzollern, where about 80 graves of members of the dynasty are preserved. There is a marvelous sarcophagus of the Great Elector and his wife Dorothea. Moreover, there are sarcophagi of the members of Prussian royal families in the crypt, and most notably, here you can observe the entombments of Frederick I and his wife Sophia-Charlotte made by a famous sculptor Andreas Schlüter.
There is a viewing platform under the dome of the church from where you can enjoy a marvelous panorama of Berlin.
In front of the Cathedral, there is a gorgeous park Lustgarten. The look of the park exactly corresponds to an initial plan of Karl Friedrich Schinkel. It is a large green lawn with a lush grass, in the center of which there is a great fountain.
Formerly a Caesarian residence, Charlottenburg Palace is one more sight in Berlin that is directly related to the royal family.
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