Munich-1Munich-2
Discover Munich
Bavarian capital
Medieval castles, high art, and the famous Hofbräu

Districts

Officially, Munich is divided into 25 boroughs. But let's be frank, such a division is just a formality, especially for tourists. Guests of the city are not interested in the administrative districts. Two questions worry them: where is it better to rent accommodation and what is interesting to see. 

The district of Altstadt-Lehel or the Old Town is a concentration of historical sights. Here you will find one of the symbols of Munich — the Frauenkirche as well as Marienplatz and the Virgin Mary's Column, Munich Residenz, and two town halls — the Old and New. The close proximity of XVI and XIX century buildings and Renaissance-style cathedrals raises the price tags on accommodation. The price of rental apartments and hotel rooms in this area is the highest in the city. But there are advantages: no need to spend money on public transport as all the sights are within walking distance.

Bohemian and crazy — such a controversial characteristic can be given to the Maxvorstadt district. It is considered to be the most student district in Munich. It's full of pubs and bookstores, nightclubs, and everything from Chinese shops to Spanish tapas bars. In the neighborhood, there's an entire art island — three Munich's pinacothecae that every self-respecting intellectual must visit. The price of renting accommodation in the Maxvorstadt area is more modest than in the Old City Centre, and it takes only 15-20 minutes to reach the main attractions. 

One of the most picturesque districts in Munich, Haidhausen, is located south of the Old Town. It is designed for a peaceful holiday. Its numerous parks and squares invite to meditate, and its cozy squares and narrow streets attract artists and musicians. The color of Haidhausen is enhanced by an abundance of nightclubs and discos, so it will not be boring for the youth here. Sightseeings include the Neo-Gothic Maximilianeum building and the cultural center Gasteig. 

Schwabing is another area worth mentioning. In the XIX and XX centuries, it earned a reputation of a cultural quarter thanks to artists and writers. Since then, the cultural scene of Schwabing has evolved, and the district has become a popular nightlife center in Munich. It is full of bars, sex shops, gay clubs, and other 24-hour entertainment venues. In the daytime, we recommend walking in the English Park, going to Elisabeth Market, and strolling along the Leopoldstrasse from the Siegestor (Arc de Triomphe) to Castle Suresnes. 

You should go to the Westend district for the exotic. It's known for its most multicultural streets and is home to many migrants from all over the world. The Turkish diaspora is particularly large, which defines the district's eastern flavor: kebabs, spice scents, authentic shops, and carpet dealers. If you do not have any prejudices, you can look for accommodation in this area. Besides, the prices here are quite acceptable. 

No less exciting but more remote areas include Glockenbachviertel and Neuhausen-Nymphenburg. However, you will have to take public transport to get to the center from there.

Map Munich

Population of the city

Munich is the largest city in the country, giving way only to Berlin and Hamburg in terms of population. Most of Munich's citizens are Germans. Scientists distinguish them into separate sub-ethnos — the Bavarians, as the inhabitants of this region, have special cultural traditions and dialects. What makes Munich no different from the rest of Germany is its high percentage of immigrants and refugees. A large Turkish diaspora with a total population of 39,400 lives here. Besides, there are many descendants from Croatia, Greece, Italy, Austria, Poland, and other European countries.

In recent years, there has been an influx of refugees from Arab countries, primarily from Syria. However, this situation is typical not only for Munich but also for Europe as a whole.

Brief history

The first inhabitants of Munich were monks who founded a small settlement on the Petersberg Hill in the VIII century. A chronicle was made of it in 1158, and seventeen years later, Munich became a city. In the XIII century, the House of Wittelsbach gained power in the city. During their reign, Munich developed rapidly, and in 1806, it was named the capital of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Much of this was due to King Ludwig I, who built houses and decorated streets, invited outstanding artists, and opened pinacothecae.

Munich is the cradle of German Nazism. In 1920, the National Socialist German Workers' Party was founded here and came to power in Germany in 1933. In the same year, 17 kilometers from Munich, in Dachau, was organized the first concentration camp, where the political opponents of Hitler were imprisoned (about 70 thousand of them died). At the same time, it was Munich, like no other city in Germany, that did not accept the ideology of Nazism and showed the strongest resistance to it, creating corresponding movements.

World War II ravaged Munich greatly: numerous airstrikes almost completely destroyed the historic center and reduced the population by half.

As the war ended, the city was rebuilt during the American occupation. In the middle of the XX century, Munich was already a city with a population of 1 million or more, the largest industrial, political, and cultural center of the country.

Since 1962, in the first decade of February, the city has been hosting the annual International Conference on Political and Security Affairs.

The city entered the XXI century with a highly developed economy dominated by modern technology. In 2011, Munich was ranked in the top ten cities with the highest quality of life (4th place).

Trip budget

Before the trip, you should calculate the approximate budget that you will require for the travel:

The best time to visit Munich

Munich is famous for its changeable weather. Firstly because the city is at the junction of a humid Atlantic and dry continental climates. Secondly, because of the proximity to the Alps, where the warm foehn wind blows, that can change the weather dramatically in a matter of hours. Otherwise, Munich's weather forecast is quite prosaic: winter is cold, and summer is warm. The average temperature from December to March is 0°C, and from May to September, it is +20°C.

Useful notes

What to do in Munich?

  • Check out the local beer. Munich foams all year round because beer is the main regional drink here. There are so many hops here that the legendary Oktoberfest Bier has to be brewed every year, especially for the legendary Oktoberfest beer festival. Make sure you order a Bavarian sausage for your beer — they are especially delicious in their homeland.
  • Go to the pinacotheca. No, they don't serve beer or pinot noir there. We would like to say: "It's a pity!" but we will not. The pinacotheca will spin your head without intoxicating drinks. The works of Dürer, Botticelli, Da Vinci, Rubens, Manet, Van Gogh are in the Alte Pinakothek. You should go to the Neue Pinakothek to get the impressions from the works of Goya, Munch, Rodin, Picasso, and Renoir. Lovers of pop art and abstract expressionism should check out the Pinakothek der Moderne.
  • Admire Munich from a height. The best place for this is the Frauenkirche observation deck. Not only can you see the whole city in the palm of your hand, but you can also see the Alps! A snow-covered mountain range, red roofs through a wide-angle lens — are a recipe for getting chic shots.
  • Get acquainted with science at the Deutsches Museum. There is an entire island on the Isar River in Munich, designated as a large technical museum. It's more impressive than an amusement park, as each exhibit is interactive. Mines and submarines, airships and space capsules, guitar strings, and diffusion — the museum will turn science inside out for you and prove that learning is fun.
  • Visit the castle of Mad King Ludwig. Bavaria is famous for its inaccessible castles and fortresses, but Neuschwanstein is without exaggeration the most fantastic among them. It was built by King Ludwig II, and in every brick of the building, you can feel the ruler's obsession with Wagner's operas. Every year in September, as a tribute to the mad ruler, the music of the great composer is performed within the walls of the New Swan Castle. So if you are in Munich in early autumn, be sure to book a tour.
  • Take a look at Lego Europe. An hour's drive from Munich takes you to Legoland, a city made of construction sets. The fantastic amusement park is divided into four themed zones: Miniland, Adventure Land, Pirate Land, Knights Kingdom. And all of them are made of huge colorful blocks!
  • Visit the "crazy ice cream maker". The ice cream shop at 77 Amalienstraße serves this dessert for real gourmets: with a taste of beers, sausages, gin, almonds, and goodness knows what else. It's easy to find this establishment: navigate by a long queue. And do not make a mistake, take several tastes at once! You can worry about your shape later.
  • Go to the BMW Museum. It's probably a paradise for car enthusiasts. The majestic construction of four shining cylinders makes an impression while you are on the way to the museum. Walking from hall to hall, examining the models of one of the best concerns in the world, you unwittingly come to a state of childish excitement. The headquarters of the Bavarian car giant is close to the Olympic Park so that you can combine a tour with a stroll through the shady alleys.

Hotels in Munich

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