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Discover Budapest
City of bridges, Baroque architecture, and thermal springs
Budapest is the capital of Hungary and one of the most beautiful cities in Europe

Districts of Budapest

Modern Budapest consists of 23 districts (kerület). Their distinctive feature is that they are all still numbered in Roman numerals. The following districts are of particular interest to tourists:

  • V district — Belváros-Lipótváros. This is the central district where tourists can find all the sights: the city parliament, historical monuments, ancient churches, St. Stephen's Basilica. This is where the fabulous Danube's waterfront is located. There is the largest selection of places to choose to live in this area. Its entire infrastructure is designed specifically for tourists, so prices here are quite high, especially in restaurants.
  • VI district — Terézváros. It can be called the artistic center of the city, as here you can find some museums, the Opera House, numerous theaters, Music and Art Academy. It is rather quiet in this district, and there are few tourists, but fewer shops and restaurants (there are many of them only on Oktogon square). But it will be convenient for tourists here — the center is not far, and there are excellent transport connections.
  • IX district — Ferencváros. Here you can find the city's central market, the Ráday utca street of restaurants, clubs, bars, and swimming pools, which are very popular with locals. Choose this area if you do not want to spend a lot of money on accommodation, but the location is still important to you.

Map Budapest

Population

The population of the city is as diverse as its history. Budapest is home to almost 20% of Hungary's population. Still, recent statistics show that the city's residents are increasingly choosing to live in its quiet suburbs rather than in a bustling metropolis. The city is home to 91% of Hungarians, while the remaining 9% are divided between Germans, Slovaks, Russians, and Ukrainians.

As far as the religious affiliation of Budapest residents is concerned, the majority of the population are the followers of Protestantism and Catholicism. But globalization has also intruded into the religious sphere. Lately, more and more representatives of Islam have been living in Budapest.

Brief History

Budapest became a united city in 1873, but its history began much earlier. This town can be called both very young and ancient at the same time. The official date of its foundation is November 17, 1873. On that day, three settlements, Buda, Pest, and Óbuda, merged into one city.

It is difficult to determine the exact date of the first record of the city. Most likely, the history of the capital of Hungary began in the I century AD. Then, various tribes settled on the banks of the Danube: Huns, Celts, Scythians. All of them built their settlements here, but none of them turned into a real city later. The nomads were changed by the Romans, then by the Ostrogoths and the Huns. According to historical chronicles, at the end of the IX century, here came the tribes from the steppes of Southern Ural Mountains, which were called Magyars. They became the ancestors of the modern Hungarians. Soon Magyars had finally conquered these lands and based their state here. 

The history of Budapest, like the history of any European city, knows many wars, fires, and destruction of cultural monuments. The Middle Ages were quite a peaceful period for this city until the Mongol-Tatar tribes came here. By that time, the territory of all of modern Europe suffered from their invasions. They burned all the crops and killed the majority of the population that lived here.

The Turks came to replace them. But after the liberation of the city from the Turkish invaders, there was a relatively peaceful time. Hungary became part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, one of the most influential states on the political map of that time.

By the beginning of the XVIII century, Budapest had become one of the main locations on the map of Europe at that time. But World War I brought its own adjustments to the appearance of Budapest: the city lost a little of its charm but remained just as mysterious and attractive. World War II caused even more damage to the Hungarian capital. But the Hungarians, who care too much about their cultural heritage, gradually restored their capital, and soon, Budapest became the city that modern tourists know today.

Trip budget

Before the trip, you should calculate the approximate budget that you will require for the travel:

The best time to visit Budapest

Christmas holidays, late spring or early autumn are the best periods to go to Budapest. You will remember the Christmas holidays for their numerous winter attractions and fascinating fairs, where the local cuisine is abundant. In May and September, the mild climate will please with sunshine and no rainfall. The temperature during this time ranges from +18 °C to +22 °C.

Useful notes

What should a tourist do in Budapest?

  • Enjoy a beautiful view of the city from the Fisherman's Bastion, which is considered to be the best observation deck. If you want to save money, you can come up here for free. The trip will take a few minutes, but you will have to climb a pretty steep mountain. Crowds of tourists walk here in the daytime, but closer to midnight, it's almost empty. If you want to feel the atmosphere, plan a visit at this time, as there will be no problems with climbing, and the lighting is working around the clock.
  • Buy a wooden doll, dressed in national clothes, in a souvenir shop on Váci Street.
  • Try the fruits and vegetables that are brought from peasant farms at the Lehel market.
  • Drink wine at the annual Budapest International Wine Festival, held in September.
  • Take the funicular (silko) to Buda Castle in the cabin of the world's longest tram.
  • Take a wellness break in the thermal springs of the Szechenyi Bath, which is located in the city park.
  • Enjoy the national cuisine. Goulash, paprikash, lecsó, stuffed pepper — it is simply impossible not to try these traditional Hungarian dishes while being here. And after dinner, you can drink a glass of one of the Hungarian wines, for example, Tokaj.
  • Take a ride on the Libegő cable car. It is located on János-hegy, the highest point in Budapest, which is 529 m high. At its top, there is the Elizabeth Lookout Tower, named after Empress Sisi.

Hotels in Budapest

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