Discover Florence
The cradle of the Renaissance, a museum of human genius
Florence sounds like music and fills with inspiration

Districts of Florence

Florence is divided into five major administrative districts, comprising the territory that emerged during the Renaissance period, and the villages that were added at different stages of the city's life. In the heart of old Florence is the Historical Centre, where outstanding museums of Europe are concentrated, such as the Gallery of the Academy, the San Marco Museum, and the majestic Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore.

San Lorenzo received its name from the church located on its territory, where the remains of the members of the Medici dynasty are buried. Here you can also find the central market, the heart of the medieval life of the city.

In the Santa Croce area, you will find magnificent palaces; the Oltrarno district is home to many architectural monuments, parks, and the famous Boboli Gardens.

In Coverciano, the old buildings are in perfect harmony with the ultra-modern facilities, and here you will find the famous Italian Football Hall of Fame. Each district is attractive in its own way and deserves the attention of tourists.

Map Florence

Population of Florence

The distant ancestors of the modern inhabitants of Florence were representatives of the ancient culture of Villanova, who settled in these places in the X century BC. They were replaced by Etruscans, who were attracted by the fertile blooming land of the future Tuscany. With the coming of Julius Caesar, there were many descendants of the Roman Empire in this area. The majority of modern Florence's population is not indigenous, but many of them are Italians. A minority of the population are immigrants from Eastern Europe and Arabs.

The Florentines are temperamental, sociable, expansive, and have graceful manners and impeccable taste. They adore their city and are always ready to help tourists and to admire Florence together with them.

A brief history of Florence

The history of Florence is an important part of human life, its cultural and scientific heritage. Let's pay attention to the brightest, most significant events and personalities on the path of formation and development of this glorious city. In the first millennium BC, the emerald valleys of Italian Tuscany attracted Etruscans. In 59 BC, the legendary Julius Caesar founded a military colony Castra Florence, which means "a prosperous camp". Soon it became a beautiful city, which got its present name Florence, i.e., "flourishing".

In the III century AD, the city became the capital of the future Tuscany. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the times of troubles and stagnation came to Florence for a long time. The city was regularly exposed to attacks by numerous invaders.

In the XI-XIII centuries, communes appeared, and a new heyday for Florence began. Here they started minting the first gold coin in Europe — florin, the first banking system emerged, and trade was actively developing. An important place in Florence's history is occupied by the Medici dynasty, which had been ruling here for almost three hundred years. Its founder, Cosimo the Elder, made Florence the capital of art. He patronized cultural, scientific, and philosophical figures, for which he was nicknamed the "Father of the Fatherland". The peak of the city's development was under Lorenzo the Magnificent, Cosimo's grandson. At this time, Florence became a bulwark of humanism, the cradle of the Renaissance, and one of the most beautiful cities in Europe.

The XX century caused great losses to the city. Bombardments destroyed many bridges during the Second World War, and architectural and artistic monuments were damaged or completely destroyed after the 1966 flood. Volunteers from all over the world have been working successfully to restore the heart of Tuscany.

Today we see Florence as a beautiful city, where the majestic past is harmoniously combined with high technology and achievements of the present.

Trip budget

Before the trip, you should calculate the approximate budget that you will require for the travel:

The best time to visit Florence

Florence is cozily located in the heart of the Apennine Peninsula on the banks of the Arno River, thanks to which there is a humid subtropical climate. Summers are hot, humid, with the average air temperature of +27 ºС. The maximum temperature in July and August is +32 ºС, with frequent rains. Winter is wet, cloudy, and rain alternates with snow. The coldest month is January. The average temperature is +10 ºС during the day and +2 ºС at night.

Florence can delight and amaze tourists all year round, as there are places to visit and plenty to see and admire in any weather. But the best time to visit this magical, memorable city is in April and May. Florence is magnificent in spring! The city is buried in greenery and flowers, fully justifying its name. During these months, the temperature reaches +23 ºC.

Useful notes

What should a tourist do in Florence?

  • See the magnificent XV century frescoes in the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore. Its dome is an observation deck, which is definitely worth climbing up to see Florence in all its beauty and charm from a bird' s-eye view.
  • Have a fragrant coffee in one of the many lovely cafes on Republic Square: sit at the coziest table, inhale the life of this city, enjoy the play of street musicians, and the beauty of life.
  • Walk through the eastern gate of the octagonal marble building of the XI-XII century, the Baptistery of Saint John, with its gilded panels decorated with scenes from the Bible. Dive into the unique atmosphere of the sacred place where the glorious Medici dynasty and the great Dante were baptized.
  • Taste the famous Florentine steak. According to a classic recipe, this meat is cooked on fire without adding salt or spices. A dish is not to everyone's taste, but it is worth trying and understanding the soul of the Florentines.
  • Walk along the embankment of the Arno River, walk along the bridge which dates to the Ancient Rome — Ponte Vecchio, get aesthetic pleasure from jewelry and buy something in the boutiques located here.
  • Make the most devout wish and throw a coin in the Fontana del Porcellino. It will come true, and the main thing is to rub the nose of the bronze sculpture.
  • Visit the market of San Lorenzo, which is almost 150 years old, and dive into the whirlpool of colorful market life. It sells top-quality products, and the pavement salesmen give performances.
  • Dive into the world of high art in the Gallerie dell'Accademia, admire the outstanding sculpture "David" by Michelangelo. At the Uffizi Gallery, you can admire a beautiful painting of the great Botticelli "The Birth of Venus" and other masterpieces of world art.
  • If you don't buy it, then at least understand exactly why Salvatore Ferragamo's shoes are known all over the world and considered to be very comfortable. For this purpose, visit the museum dedicated to the works of the famous master.
  • Take a picture in the setting sun on Piazzale Michelangelo, which offers a superb panorama of the city. At this time, it is particularly beautiful in the shimmering lights.

Hotels in Florence

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