Vatican

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Vatican City received was named after the name of the hill when it is located, Mons Vaticanus. The tiniest country in the world is the sovereign state and the most attractive tourist destination in Rome. Vatican City is located in the western part of the Eternal City. It is the official residence of the Pope. Nowadays, there are enclosed 44 hectares of land. Around 1000 citizens live and perform their religious duties there. These are mainly the nuns, Church Fathers, archivists, and superintendents of local infrastructure. 

The successor of the Prince of Apostles

Vatican City gained its current political status in 1929 after the mutual agreement between Pope Pius XI and Benito Mussolini. Pope John XXIII convoked the Second Vatican Council to put to rights the inner system of the Catholic church. As a result, the long-awaited reformation began. In its course, the Pope stated that only the church doctrine was immutable. And the methods of getting its message to people must change from one generation to another. His successor, Pope Paul VI continued his ideas. He was traveling abroad and accepting leaders of communist parties in Vatican City.

However, despite the reforms, Pope Paul VI went down in history as a severe opponent of artificial birth control. In 1978, for the first time in the last 455 years, a non-Italian person became the Pope. It was a man from Poland named Karol Józef Wojtyła. Pope John Paul II was a conservative and didn’t approve of religious innovations.

The Mortal Like of Vatican City

According to the principles of extraterritoriality, institutions, and objects that are located out of Vatican City’s boundaries, but still, belong to the state. They include the Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano, the Pope’s residence in Castel Gandolfo, Vatican Radio at Santa Maria di Galeria, and the objects that were proclaimed to be Italian attractions. Several educational establishments also have this status. These are the Pontifical Urban University, Pontifical Gregorian University, Angelicum Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas, and others. Besides, Vatican City has land holdings not only in Italy but in Spain as well.  

You shall find a diversity of monuments and attractions on its territory. All of them are of great art and historic value. Every year, the budget of the country is enriched at the expense of tourism, selling postage stamps, offertories from all over the world, and rent of land. 

Information for tourists

Address: Città del Vaticano, 00120 Vatican City

How to get there:

  • buses № 32, 81 or 982;
  • from Roma Termini, take a train at Line A to Cipro-Musei Vaticani or Ottaviano-S. Pietro stations.

Another fascinating attraction in Rome is located not far from Vatican City. This is Castel Sant’Angelo that used to be a fortress, the Pope’s residence, a mausoleum, and even a prison. Nowadays, the castle is the National Museum.

Photos Vatican

Vatican on the map

Vatican - attractions nearby

Entrance tickets & Tours

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3 hours
Vatican Afternoon Tour
1 review
When in Rome, the Vatican is a must see. Home to one of the most precious art collections in the world, the Vatican Museums will leave you breathless. Join us on an afternoon tour of the Vatican. Don't worry about standing in line: benefit from our Skip the Line tickets and maximize your visiting time. With the help of an accredited Vatican State tour guide, you will explore the marvelous halls of the Vatican Museums, as well as see masterpieces of the greatest masters. Discover the Gallery of the Maps and learn about how our understanding of the world has changed in time, and enjoy the stroll through the Gallery of Tapestries. Gaze with awe at the frescoes that decorate the Sistine Chapel, painted by none other than Michelangelo himself. Book now, and discover the Vatican!
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2 hours 30 minutes
Vatican At Night: Museums and Sistine Chapel (Small Group Vatican Tour)
1 review
Enjoy exclusive access to the Vatican Museums at night, on this special, small-group Vatican tour. Avoid the crowds and enjoy the astonishing collection of the Vatican in the relative calm of evening. Skip-the-line and join a small group of max 12, for a full-tour from an expert, local guide. Discover the extraordinary collection of the Vatican Museums with your expert guide by your side — they know everything there is to know about the masterpieces of this astonishing collection. Walk through the former palace of the Popes and see great examples of classical statuary, like Laocoön and His Sons and stunning Renaissance art. Then, head to the Sistine Chapel, where you'll experience the triumph of Michelangelo's frescoes with none of the day's crowds. In the peace of evening time, you'll get to enjoy the full revelation of Michelangelo's wonderful masterpiece. Your expert guide will explain the hidden meanings behind these iconic Old Testament scenes.
from 69
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15 minutes
Sistine Chapel and Vatican Museums Skip-the-Line Admission
1 review
Meet your English-speaking art expert close to the Vatican Museums at our home base for a meet & greet and a detailed Vatican Museums overview and illustration of the wonders you will see in the Sistine Chapel. From there, you'll be escorted to the Vatican Museums entrance, where you'll be taken to the front of the line and accompanied inside the Vatican Museums. You will enjoy a self-guided tour of the stunning Vatican Museums, Sistine Chapel, and St. Peter's Basilica with this skip-the-line ticket. Enter the world-famous Vatican museum complex, made up of numerous galleries with many well-known masterpieces. Bypass the queue and see one of the world's finest collections of sculptures, carvings, frescoes, and paintings - including Michelangelo's masterpieces in the Sistine Chapel, works by Raphael, Leonardo da Vinci, and many more - at your own pace.
from 50
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20 minutes
Rome Hotels to Vatican City Private Transport Service
21 review
Prebook private transport from your Rome hotel to the world-famous Vatican Museums in Vatican City, and ensure a hassle-free start to your day of sightseeing. Simply book this air-conditioned transport service with a private driver at a time to suit your schedule, and travel from your central Rome hotel to the Vatican City with ease.
from 25
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Hotels near Vatican

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