Lithuania-1Lithuania-2
Discover Lithuania
The land of amber, sand dunes, and mineral springs
Lithuania is the largest Baltic state

General information

Capital:

Population:

Official language:

Currency:

Territory:

Vilnius2 790 472LithuanianEuro65 301 km²

Geography

Lithuania is located in the north-east of Europe on the Baltic Sea coast. It borders Belarus in the east, Latvia in the north, Poland and Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast) in the southwest. Officially, Lithuania is divided into ten counties (regions): Kaunas, Vilnius, Tauragė, Alytus, Šiauliai, Klaipeda, Marijampolė, Panevėžys, Telšiai, and Utena. There is also an unofficial division of the country into five ethnographic regions: Suvalkija and Lithuania Minor (known as the Klaipeda Region), Dzūkija, Žemaitija, and Aukštaitija. Lithuania is a predominantly flat country. The highest point here is Juozapinė Hill, which rises only 292 meters above sea level. Fields, meadows, lakes, and mixed forests are typical Lithuanian landscapes.

Map Lithuania

What to see and where?

The cleanest sea air, moderate climate, lack of large industrial enterprises — all this makes Lithuania an ideal place for recreation with children, and health tourism. Even the cities here are very cozy and peaceful — a real earthly paradise for lovers of leisurely walks. 

Vilnius is the capital and the largest city of Lithuania. The pearl of Vilnius is the Old Town, which is on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Vilnius is rightly called the "City of Museums", as there are about 60 of them: from art history to technology. It is also the greenest capital in Europe due to its abundance of gardens and parks. The most iconic is the Bernardine Garden with its XIX century atmosphere. The peculiarity of Vilnius is that there is no subway or tram, and trolleybuses and buses are considered to be the main public transport. By the way, if you are a fan of biking tourism, you will feel very comfortable here. The abundance of bicycle lanes and all conditions for safe and convenient travel are quite tempting. 

Even though Kaunas is the second-largest city in Lithuania, only about 300 thousand people live here. The city is surrounded by 12 fortresses built during the reign of Catherine II. Small and cozy Kaunas looks like a fairy tale with castles, monasteries, narrow streets lined with paving stones. The locals note that Kaunas is a place of churches, where you can find your soul again. The Gothic architectural masterpiece House of Perkūnas, the Baroque Pažaislis Monastery — this is a city between past and present that continues to resist globalization while carefully preserving its historical heritage.

Klaipeda is the third-largest city in Lithuania. It is famous for its largest sea, non-freezing regional port, as well as beautiful architecture and mild climate. The old town captivates with its XVIII century atmosphere. There are amazing German houses with wooden frames wrapped in grapes, which take tourists several centuries back. It will be interesting for travelers to visit the Klaipeda Castle, built back in 1252, as well as the main symbol of the city — the sailing ship "Meridian" on the Danube embankment. The longest sand dune in Europe, the Curonian Spit, is located behind the town. Klaipeda is a place for those who prefer calm and quiet rest. Streets soaked in the spirit of antiquity, national parks, botanical gardens — the city impresses with its grandeur, despite its small size. 

Druskininkai is a resort town in southern Lithuania, which is suitable for fans of different types of recreation. The place is famous for its mineral springs, luxurious water park, ski resort, nature reserves, and historical buildings. The local mineral springs have been visited by aristocrats since the XVIII century. Later, the place was called a princely resort, and today, it is an open-air museum. The peculiarity of the town is that it has a covered snow arena (Snow Arena), which is ready to welcome skiers and snowboarders all year round. 

Palanga is the famous sea resort and the "amber capital" of Lithuania. Picturesque streets, buildings in the neo-Renaissance style — apart from beach recreation, there is something to brighten up your leisure time here. While in this city, make sure you walk along Jonas Basanavičius Street. It's a mini Broadway that rests on a picturesque pier, by the way, one of the oldest in the country. The city is filled with cafes, restaurants, bars, SPAs, and sports courts. This is a quiet place for a holiday with children or a romantic vacation.

Šiauliai is the museum capital of the Baltic states. Even those tourists who don't like this kind of rest will find the museum to their liking. How can you pass by the museum of cats, chocolate, beer, or miss the smallest museum in the world, which is located in the hollow of an oak tree? Of course, the most spectacular location is the Hill of Crosses. A pilgrimage site for Orthodox Christians and Catholics. There are over 100,000 crosses of different sizes on the mountain. Even Pope John Paul II left his crucifixion here. It is safe to say that Šiauliai is a unique city that has managed to preserve its historical charm.

National peculiarities of the citizens of Lithuania

Just like in every country of the world, local Lithuanian people have their own characteristics in communication and culture. To get in touch with Lithuanians, we offer to learn more about their habits, language, and rules of communication:

  • it is one of the most welcoming and hospitable nations. Lithuanians are easy to contact, they love to communicate, and have fun;
  • Lithuanians are patriotic. They love to talk about their country and teach tourists the national language. For example, when you meet them, say "Sveiki!" or "Labas!", and when you say goodbye — "Iki pasimatymo!", "thank you" in Lithuanian will be "Ačiū" (Achu);
  • Lithuanians are one of the most family-based nations: the whole company is often run only by members of one family;
  • the people of the country cannot live without songs. It is no wonder that in ancient times Lithuania was called the "land of songs";
  • despite their hospitality, Lithuanians do not like when someone invades their private property, especially where there are warning signs;
  • tolerance, culture, politeness are the main features of Lithuanians.

The best time to visit Lithuania

The climate in Lithuania is shaped by the air masses coming from the Atlantic and the Baltic Seas. We can say that the weather here is always mild, without sharp fluctuations. Summer in Lithuania is not hot: the temperature rarely exceeds +23 °С. Winters here are damp and warm, and the temperature ranges from -5 °С to -10 °С. Before your travel, don't forget to put an umbrella or a raincoat in your backpack, as it can be raining here all year round.

The beach season in Lithuania is short — only two months (July and August). The maximum water temperature during this period fluctuates from +20 °С to +22 °С. It is necessary to note that Lithuania is ideal for bicycle tourism and walking tours.

Hotels in Lithuania

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