Tijuana-1
Discover Tijuana
The territory of freedom and life outside the law
The city of scenic nature, corrida by the sea, and endless entertainment

Population

According to recent data, the population of Tijuana is more than 1.8 million people. The census indicates the multinationality of the city. This is due to its location on the border of the two countries. Apart from the native people of Mexico, the Americans move to Tijuana, as well as immigrants from European countries such as Italy, France, and Spain. Asian population (Chinese, Japanese, Koreans) of Tijuana is considered to be the largest in the world. Talking about religion, 95% of Tijuana citizens consider to be Christians. The Catholics make to 61%, and 35% are Protestants.

Brief history

The first inhabitants who set their foot on the territory of present Tijuana were the Kumeyaay. This is proved by the chronicles of missions, who have been to this region. Meanwhile, Europeans discovered the settlement only in 1542, when the Spanish explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo toured the coastline of the area. For the first time to enter the lands of Tijuana became possible in 1769. That lucky man was the Spanish priest and friar of the Franciscan Order Junípero Serra.

The new history of Tijuana began in 1846, when as a result of negotiations during the Mexican-American War, Tijuana gained the international border. The city became a borderline, and in 1864 got its own council and judicial body. The date of the official foundation of the city was July 11, 1889.

According to data within 1900, only 242 citizens lived in the city. The situation rapidly changed in the 20th of the 20 century, when the gambling industry started to develop in Tijuana. The first race track and club were built in 1924, then a tourist center in 1927, and the first casino in 1928.

On October 15th, 1925, Tijuana became the administrative center of the Zaragoza municipality. However, the new name was not established, so in 1927 the Congress of the Union reverted it to Tijuana. In 1952, Baja California received the status of a free Mexican state, and beginning from May 1st, 1954, Tijuana city administration started to work for the first time.

Today, Tijuana is considered one of the fastest growing towns in Mexico. People, attracted to gambling and freedom, usually move here. The other newcomers are the citizens, who wanted to move to America, but didn’t have enough grounds, and were forced to settle in Tijuana. As a result, the city has earned a bad reputation.

Every year, current authorities are actively dealing with the bad image, and gradually turning Tijuana into an interesting and touristic center.

The best time to visit Tijuana

The border town has a Mediterranean climate, commonly with mild winters and warm summers. Most precipitations fall in winter, and January is the coldest month of the year. The day temperature in winter reaches +13 °С, even at night dropping below 0 °С. In the spring, the thermometer shows up to +20 °С in March, and +24 °С in May. Summer in Tijuana is usually without rain, and day temperature reaches +28 °С in July and August. The days in September gradually become cooler, and the amount of precipitation in November increases. The air temperature holds at +27 °С in September, and +23 °С in November.

Focusing only on the weather, April and October are considered the best months to Tijuana for excursions. Warm and dry weather favors to pleasant walks in the daytime, and even in the evening. If you want to combine a trip to Tijuana with national holidays, you’d better come here a week before the Lent. At this time, the Mexican carnival begins — an explosion of bright colors and emotions. An equally exciting event is the Tequila Festival, which is traditionally held in Tijuana from October 9th to 13th.

Useful notes

What should a tourist do in Tijuana

  • Take a walk in the historic center Lázaro Cárdenas. It is better to hire an experienced guide, because this place has a great deal of stories. The most interesting ones are related to the famous Al Capone and a liquor contraband.
  • Attend Tijuana Cultural Center. It is impossible to miss this building, cause of its bizarre futuristic shape. Inside you can find the only IMAX cinema in the city, and also numerous halls for festivals and performances. Moreover, the Cultural Center has permanent Museum of the Californias, and on the territory of the complex you can visit pre-Hispanic style garden called Jardin Caracol (the second name Snail Garden).
  • View the expositions of the best city museums. For example, these include the Trompo Interactive Museum, divided into six thematic parts, and offers visitors more than 100 attractions from the world of science and technology. Not less interesting will be a visit to the Wax Museum, where you can have a look at the world stars and characters from horror films. Finally, it is worth attending the Museum of Tequila and Mariachi (traditional drink and regional Mexican music). It is a very unusual and fascinating place, where you can find a collection of musical instruments, where you will learn the story of tequila creation, and also, where you will visit a tasting room and a gift shop.
  • Deep into the world of entertainment on the Avenida Revolution. This is the most visited area of the city, which occupies 8 quarters and consists of a big amount of shops, bars, and restaurants. It seems that you can find here anything, including traditional food, original souvenirs, clothes and accessories, jewelry, and much more. Avenida Revolution is a noisy street up till the morning, so it is not a good idea to rent an apartment here.
  • Arrange a shopping day in Zona Río. This is a business district of Tijuana, concentrated with main business offices, shopping malls, markets, and restaurants. The main tourist attraction of Zona Río is Mercado Hidalgo. Here you can purchase fresh farm products and feel the local lifestyle.
  • Take a look at Zona Norte, also known as a red light district. Perhaps, this is the most controversial district in Tijuana. Do not compare it with other civilized red light streets in Europe, for example, in Amsterdam. A huge number of policemen are on duty in Zona Norte, so you can easily call it the most secure area of the city. Bars and nightclubs, discos and adult entertainment — there are always a lot of citizens and tourists at this place.
  • Buy a ticket for Corrida. Surely, this entertainment is not for everyone, but bullfighting is definitely worth attention. The arena for fighting is located on Playas de Tijuana, and it is the only one in the world, adjusting to the sea.
  • Try tacos and churros. These are two traditional Mexican courses based on beans and rice. There is no need to look for special restaurants for this. All establishments make tacos identically. As for churros, you can try them right on the street. It is sold on special trays.

Map Tijuana

Hotels in Tijuana

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