Discover Ljubljana
Dragon cave keeper

The cozy capital of Slovenia with unusual bridges and medieval castles

Districts of Ljubljana

Ljubljana is divided into 17 districts with their own administrations. But it is also important that Ljubljana is divided into Old and New Town. The Old Town is home to Ljubljana Castle, which offers a beautiful view, while the New Town is mostly made up of residential buildings. Roznik is an area where you can stroll through the Tivoli Landscape Park, climb the Sisenski Hill, where the City Museum is located, and go to the Ljubljana Zoo.

Bezigrad is located on the northern outskirts of the capital. Stadium Bezigrad, an exhibition and congress center, and many picturesque villas of the late XIX - early XX century are located there among the apartment buildings.

In Trnovo, you can visit the Church of St. John the Baptist on the banks of the Ljubljanica.

Population of Ljubljana

The number of inhabitants of the capital is 279,631. It is not only the most populous but also one of the leading cities of Slovenia in culture and business. The most common religion in Ljubljana is Roman Catholicism, which 39% of the inhabitants practice. The main language is Slovene. It is spoken by more than 90% of the population.

Brief history

Many tribes have been trying to exploit the unknown lands on the banks of the Ljubljanica River since the X-VIII centuries BC. As early as the I century BC, the Roman settlement of Emona appeared by the river. They actively built houses made of stone public baths, and the city was fortified by the wall. After the collapse of the Roman Empire, the territory of Emona was invaded by many invader tribes. As a result, it was already completely devastated by the second half of the VI century. For the next five centuries, there was no evidence of a settlement.

In the VII-VIII centuries, the area of modern Ljubljana was repeatedly under the rule of different states. Closer to 1125, a stone structure was built on Castle Mountain, around which the medieval city began to develop.

In 1335, the city passed to the Habsburg dynasty and was named Laibach. After 176 years, there was an earthquake, which destroyed many of the buildings. Later, some of them were reconstructed in the Renaissance style, and in the surrounding area, a new fortress wall was built.

The development of culture and art marked the XVIII century. A philharmonic society was opened; the first newspaper was published; the Italian sculptor Francesco Robba created the fountain of the three Slovenian rivers.

In the XIX century, the railway connection appeared in the city, new industrial enterprises and residential quarters grew. Until 1918, Laibach grew rapidly.

Later, Ljubljana became the administrative center of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. And already in 1991, with the declaration of national independence, it became the capital of the sovereign Republic of Slovenia.

The best time to visit Ljubljana

The city's moderate climate is favorable to travel in both cold and warm periods. In summer, the temperature rises to +25°C; in winter, it fluctuates between -5°C — +2°C. Precipitation in Ljubljana is very common: it rains in the fall and spring, and it snows a lot in winter. You can catch cloudless weather in the capital in August and September when the air is very warm, and precipitation is less frequent.

The capital's main attraction, Ljubljana Castle, turns into an open-air movie theater in summer. For three whole months, Ljubljana hosts the Film pod Zvezdami festival, where new releases from the world of cinema are shown.

Useful notes

Things to do in Ljubljana

  • The first thing to do is to go up to the medieval Ljubljana Castle, which towers over Ljubljana and is considered its main symbol. It offers a beautiful view of the Old Town.
  • Walk across the impressive Triple Bridge with stone balustrades and lanterns. It spans the main river in the form of a fan.
  • See the four frightening creatures that stand guard over the Bridge of Dragons. They are the emblem of Ljubljana and are found throughout the city.
  • Take a walk along Cankarjevo Nabrezje, a pedestrian street that stretches along the Ljubljanica River. It's a great place to start your day with breakfast, a coffee break, or a drink of wine at the end of the day.
  • Enjoy a meal of national cuisine. There are enough restaurants and cafes in the center of the capital that offer prsut (dried pork ham), "gobova Juha" (mushroom soup in bread), and "jota" (bean stew with cabbage).
  • Admire the Franciscan Church of the Annunciation, made in the early Baroque style of the middle of the XVII century. The pastel red color of its façade stands out against the other buildings in the city's central square. The building is decorated with spires, pilasters with Ionic capitals. The statue of the Virgin Mary with the child is located at the entrance.
  • Step into Slovenia's main historical and art museum, which displays works from the Middle Ages to the early XX century. Here you can see more than 600 works: from Gothic liturgical art to displays of Italian artists and sculptors of the Baroque period. You can also get a closer look at the works of Slovenian artists.
  • Taste the honey gingerbread lect and take it with you as a souvenir.
  • Visit the cave called "Postojna jama". Over 500 thousand people visit it every year, and there is a reason for that. Inside, visitors will find spacious halls of stalactites and stone tunnels, which plunge into a fascinating mystical atmosphere, and the legends about dragons seem real.
  • Visit Metelkova Mesto Street, where the former army barracks from the Austro-Hungarian Empire were transformed into a trendy modern center. It's an alternative haven where almost every wall is covered in graffiti and creative murals, and there's a boutique or cafe on every corner. In the evening, you can enjoy live performances by musicians and DJs.

Map Ljubljana

Hotels in Ljubljana