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Discover Madrid
A Royal residence, city of bravehearts, and corrida
A city of dreams, Madrid — the “gates” of the Sun — is located in the very heart of Spain, on the banks of the quiet river Manzanares

Districts of Madrid

The official administrative division of Madrid is pretty complicated. The city is divided into 21 districts that in return are divided into sub-districts. The highest concentration of attractions is in the central district of the capital called Centro. Here you shall find the Royal Palace, Plaza Mayor, Plaza de la Villa, Gran Vía Street, Queen Sofía Museum.

The business and financial epicenters of the capital are concentrated in the district called Chamartín. It’s not only a huge accumulation of business offices and glass skyscrapers. This district is also famous for the iconic monument The Gate of Europe towers. Football fans will love Castilla district where the legendary Santiago Bernabéu Stadium is located.

Salamanca is considered to be the most fashionable and elite district with a diversity of expensive boutiques and exquisite restaurants. Here you can find the National Archaeological Museum and Palacio de Deportes de la Comunidad de Madrid that is known as Barclaycard Arena since 2014.

However that may be, every district, sub-district, and even a quarter in Madrid will impress its guests: from parks to the architectural masterpieces of various epochs; from museums, displays, and concerts to gorgeous cafes and restaurants.

Map Madrid

Population

Madrid is a multi-million-strong city, the most populated one in the country. Though the Spaniards compile the majority of the population, the immigrants form the rest of the population. This is a native city for Catalans, Castilians, Basques, Romani, Galicians. That’s why the languages of these ethnic groups are used on the same level as Spanish. There are also plenty of Arabs, the Japanese, Jews, and other national minorities. No wonder, Madrid is frequently called the shake of nationalities, languages, and cultures.

A brief history

According to scientists and archeologists, people lived in the territory of modern Madrid around one hundred thousand years ago. However, this area was mentioned as a city for the first time at the end of the IX century. It was connected with the name of emir Muhammad I who together with the immigrants from North Africa founded here the fortified castle Mayrit of the Muslim Walls. The Mauritians managed to organize here residential districts with highly developed agriculture (they even had an irrigation system).

In the XI century, Alfonso VI of León and Castile occupied the city. This happened as a result of the massive acquisition of territories inhabited by the Muslims by the Pyrenean Christians (these were mainly the Spaniards and Portuguese). This humble Spanish city had been suffering from various military attacks until the XVI century. These were the results of the Spanish-Arabic relations. It’s believed, that a tradition of bullfighting was formed during this period. They say, that a corrida was invented for the cultivation of courage, strength of mind, and firmness of the Spanish noblemen. It was expected to give them national love and respect.

Later, a peculiar Parliament was formed here (the so-called Cortes). It changed the character of city life. The capital of Spain was moved to Madrid and it became the turning point in its history. King Philip II of Spain announced this in 1561. Naturally, the status itself stimulated the development and population of the city.

The global development of Madrid began when the House of Bourbon had got the crown. King Charles III of Spain invited the most renowned architects here to ennoble the “face” of the city. Madrid became visibly prettier with the new constructions in the Neoclassical style. It impresses with well-equipped comfortable streets and gorgeous houses.

Soon, Napoleon conquers the Spanish capital with its army. This causes lots of rebellions. The savage punishment of their participants is depicted on the most renowned painting by Francisco Goya that is today kept in the Museo del Prado. After all, the liberation war that grew into the Spanish revolution saved the city from Napoleon Bonaparte. Ferdinand VII was proclaimed to be a king. His daughter, Isabella II took the guardianship over the city. She ordered to demolish all the fortifying walls and gates for its further growth. Madrid could take a “full breath”. It received new wide streets, avenues, and boulevards.

A new reorganization of the city began at the beginning of the XIX century. The Modern style “arrived” to the capital. Squares, monuments, and buildings obeyed to the new tendencies and acquired the Art Nouveau “face”. The Civil War of 1936 destroyed many historic monuments. Fortunately, the style of the city was saved. When the Francoist dictatorship came to an end, another representative of the House of Bourbon got the throne. It was King Juan Carlos I. Madrid began to come to life again. They gradually established relationships with industrialized countries and resumed the progress in the economy, culture, and infrastructure of the city. Nowadays, the capital of Spain that survived so many tragic events is considered to be one of the largest megalopolises not only in Europe but in the whole world. It’s a real model of modern agglomeration.

Trip budget

Before the trip, you should calculate the approximate budget that you will require for the travel:

The best time to visit Madrid

The climate in the capital of Spain is moderately mild, continental, with extremely hot summers and cold winters. The air is dry due to little atmospheric precipitates throughout a year. In June and August, the temperature reaches +30° C. The lowest temperature is 0 - +1°C and it’s typical for January and February. Spring and autumn are perfect for tours and exploring the city. All the brightest events and festivals happen in Madrid during these seasons.

In September, you will find yourself at the opening of another football season. And starting from March and till the middle of October, the capital of Spain is involved in the passionate corrida. This iconic event does not include only bullfighting. These are also vivid carnivals with traditional dancing of flamenco, feasts with jamon, parades, and entertaining shows.

The city will delight you with other events in case you visit Madrid during any other season. It will offer you diverse photographic exhibitions, dance festivals, carnivals, parades, concerts, and fairs.

Useful notes

What should a tourist do in Madrid

  • Embrace the magnificence of the Empire by the Royal Palace and go into raptures at the pomposity of the changing of the guard at the Plaza de Armas. You can see this ceremonial action on the first Wednesday of every month except August, September, and January.
  • Admire the grandeur of the Gate of Europe monuments and the courage or its construction. Two enormous towers have an inclination of 15° towards each other.
  • “Kilómetro cero” is an iconic plaque marking the point of Km.0 at the Puerta del Sol (the Gate of the Sun). When you step on this bronze plaque, don’t forget to make a wish.
  • Start your day in the Madrid way: go jogging to Retiro Park in the morning. You should also take a boat trip along the lake in this beautiful green oasis in the middle of the city. Don’t forget to attend the Palacio de Cristal and observe the gorgeous splashes of fountains.
  • Embrace the great and “feed” your eyes with a portion of high art. Visit the magnificent Big Three: the Prado Museum, Reina Sofia Museum, and the Thyssen-Bornemisza Gallery.
  • Admire the beauty of the modern skyscrapers of the capital in Cuatro Torres Business Area and AZCA district with the symbol of the city, Torre Picasso.
  • Discover more about football during a tour to Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, the residence of the Royal Madrid Football Club.
  • Drip by a famous writer, to the museum Casa de Cervantes. Embrace the atmosphere of creative work and form a brand-new understanding of the routine and traditions of Don Quixote’s epoch.
  • Let your imagination run away with your dreams at the main square Plaza Mayor in the romantic evening illumination, over a cup of delicious coffee with the Spanish churro or with a glass of sangria.
  • Relax and have fun in the styles of Salvador Dali and Ernest Hemingway. They were frequent guests at the fancied bar by all modern celebrities. Museo Chicote is located on the main street of the capital called Gran Via.
  • Fling yourself into Madrid’s nightlife in one of the numerous clubs. There is a reason why this city is called the king of the midnight parties.

Hotels in Madrid

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