Edinburgh is the capital and largest city of Scotland and the 7th largest in the United Kingdom. The unique architecture has been preserved here, which gave the Old and New Town the right to receive the World Heritage status and to be under the care of UNESCO. Edinburgh stretches over three hills, between the River Leith and, in addition, to historical monuments, it is impressive with its picturesque nature. Inspiring panoramas, frequent weather changes — Edinburgh's character is stubborn, and it takes a lot of effort to make it like you. However, if you succeed, you won't find a more welcoming and homely city all over Europe.
Districts of Edinburgh
Taking into account the respectable age of the city, as well as a relatively compact territory, it is not hard to explain such a concentration of attractions per square meter. Everything you've ever read about England, medieval castles, and knights comes to life in Edinburgh and carries you for several centuries into the past.
Population of Edinburgh
A brief history of Edinburgh
Edinburgh became the capital in the XVII century after the Scottish Parliament was formed. Cultural, educational, and political life had always been concentrated here, despite the change of kings and other disturbances.
In the XIX century, emigrants from Ireland flooded into the city, contributing to population growth. Throughout history, the region had remained one of the most prosperous in Britain.
Nowadays, Edinburgh has retained its status as a developed city with a low unemployment rate and high population income. It is the second most popular city in the UK after London. About one and a half million tourists come here every year. Architecture and old narrow streets encourage long walks, and the history of the region and traditional drinks can be found in numerous museums: Mary King's Close, Scotch Whisky Heritage Centre, Museum of Edinburgh.
Before the trip, you should calculate the approximate budget that you will require for the travel:
The best time to visit Edinburgh
The city hosts large-scale events such as the annual Edinburgh International Festival, where art representatives from all over the world gather.
Do you want to save money on sightseeing? The Edinburgh Pass is a single museum ticket created especially for tourists. You can buy it online on the official website or at any museum ticket office. For £45 (a price for a 1-day ticket for an adult), you get free admission to 15 museums and attractions, discounts in restaurants, and 40% off on various excursions. A children's ticket will cost £20. Edinburgh Pass is valid for 1, 2, or 3 days, depending on the fare.
There are no direct flights to Scotland, so we have to get through London. In addition to the plane, you can use the services of budget bus carriers megabus.com and nationalexpress.com. In general, the ticket price is around £10, but if there are discounts, you can even get it for £1. The train is more expensive and will cost you £40-100.
There's no point in getting a car in the city; renting a car is suitable for those planning to explore Scotland more closely. It costs £15 per day. Please note that the country has no developed hitchhiking, so you should not count on this type of travel.
What should a tourist do in Edinburgh?
- See the largest collection of European paintings. The Scottish National Gallery has preserved the works of many famous artists — from Rubens to Cézanne.
- Buy souvenirs on Princes Street. Here you can find everything: antiques, sweets, products. After shopping, you can take a stroll to Princes Street Gardens.
- Dive into Harry Potter's world. At Greyfriars Kirkyard сemetery, you'll find Tom Riddle gravestone, and a stroll through the monuments will reveal many familiar names from the book. Be sure to visit the Elephant House café, where Joanne Rowling herself used to create her stories.
- Realize that museums aren't boring. The National Museum of Scotland is among the topmost visited museums in the world. There is a wide choice for the curious — technique, science, art, archaeology, and even the stuffed Dolly the sheep.
- Climb to the top of Arthur's Seat and enjoy the city from a bird's-eye view. From here, you can enjoy a picturesque view of the Old Town.
- Try traditional dishes: Scottish Hog Roast, Oink, and real Scottish steak.
- Walk along Royal Mile Street. The main attractions are located here — Edinburgh Castle, Scotch Whisky Heritage Centre, and many others.
- Take pictures with men in a kilt, which are often found in tourist places.