Majestic Washington or the District of Columbia was named after the legendary Christopher Columbus. This incredible city attracts tourists from all over the world with its spirit of freedom and equal rights. The status of the political center of the country had been predetermined to it even before it was founded.
The capital of the USA has an eventful history. The landmark decisions that were concluded here influenced the lives not only of the Americans, but the whole world in general. Monuments and memorials were erected in Washington to eternalize these events. They do deserve the attention of travelers. However, the American capital can amaze you not only with its historical and political achievements. Washington is an amazing city full of attractions that can astonish you.
Quadrants of Washington
The address in Washington includes a name of a street, a number of a house, and the abbreviation of the quadrant. The counting begins from the Capitol. 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW is the most renowned address. It’s not hard to guess that it belongs to the White House.
Wonderful and grand Washington knows how to spellbind. The fifth part of the US capital is occupied by the picturesque green parks. On their background, the record number of memorials and obelisks raises proudly over the city. In addition to historical and political attractions, the city offers plenty of interesting cultural centers. Thus, the National Gallery of Art has the largest collection on the territory of North America. The astonishing displays of the museums that belong to the Smithsonian Institution will captivate you not for one day.
Population of Washington
The Native Americans inhabited the lands of Washington 4000 years ago. The first Europeans came here in the XVII century and sidelines the Indian settlement. Many Aframericans have been living here since the foundation of the American capital. Nowadays, little more than half of the citizens in Washington are Aframericans (50,7%), the white Americans conclude 38,5% of the population. Only 0,3% Native Americans who used to live here before the colonizers remain here today. The ethnical diversity is also enriched by Latin Americans (9,1%), Asians (3.5%), and other nationalities (7%).
A brief history
The government of the country based in Washington in 1800. The city was under the protectorate of the USA Congress. It became not only the capital but also the main political center of the country.
Washington was significantly harmed during the war between the United States and the United Kingdom in 1814. The Capitol, Treasury, and White House burnt practically to the ground. The majority of the governmental buildings were renovated at once. But the Capitol that had been still in the process of construction, was finished in the modern look only in 1868.
The Aframerican population headed to the city in 1862 in search of liberty and equal rights. It was the result of the prohibition of slavery. However, another 100 years must go by until people here officially got rid of racial discrimination.
In 1878, the territorial act was passed. According to it, the borders of Washington and the District of Columbia were equalized. It formed the outlines of the modern capital, united Washington, Alexandria, and Georgetown. But the name Washington has already come into general use that citizens and tourists still use it even though the official name of the American capital is the District of Columbia. Americans usually add D.C. or say Washington, D.C. not to mix it up with the homonymous state.
Before the trip, you should calculate the approximate budget that you will require for the travel:
|from 129 $/night||from 163 $/night||Start - 3.5 $, 1km - 1.86 $||0.76 $/liter||80 $ for 2 person|
The best time to visit Washington
The main attractions in Washington are situated close to each other. You can just rent a bicycle to explore them. The Washington bike rental company called Capital Bikeshare offers the first 30 minutes for free.
You can simplify the creation of your route and visit the information center of the Smithsonian Institution. Here you can take maps, guide-books, and audio-guides in any language.
You can enter the building of the Capitol for free. Just make sure that you have booked a pass online in advance. Then, just show the printed pass at the entrance to the building.
Mind that taking pictures and videos is frequently not allowed on the territories of the White House, Capitol, and Pentagon.
What should a tourist do in Washington?
- Admire a real pride of the capital, the National Mall. The main attractions of the American capital are concentrated here. It includes the White House, the official “home” of all the presidents of the USA; the Jefferson Memorial on which wall you can see the eternalized part of the Declaration of Independence; the Capitol as the headquarters of the USA Congress; the Lincoln Memorial - the magnificent construction with 36 columns and a huge statue of Lincoln made in the style of the ancient Greek temple.
- Read a book in the Library of Congress. Its tireless librarians collected over 34.5 million of various copies. You can access the largest archives in the world with a unique collection of volumes absolutely for free.
- Explore the United States Botanic Garden that was founded in the middle of the XIX century. Nowadays, the collection of the Botanic Garden comprises around 60 thousand plants. Some of them are over 170 years old.
- Visit the museums which belong to the Smithsonian Institution. This amazing complex includes the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, National Museum of Natural History, National Gallery of Art, Newseum, National Museum of the American Indian, and many others. That’s the place where they filmed the movie “Night at the Museum”. Attendance is free.
- Feel like a pilot at the National Air and Space Museum. It displays the largest collection of historical airplanes and space vehicles in the world. Besides, you will have a chance to watch a 3D show in the Hubble Space Telescope.
- See Washington National Cathedral that amazes with its exquisiteness. It is built in the Gothic style and gained real fame with the help of its stained-glass windows, mysterious gargoyles, and a stunning garden. It is remarkable that the cathedral doesn’t belong to any particular denomination and is ready to open its doors to all the believers.
- Relax and respire in the wonderful Rock Creek Park. You can throw a picnic or just ride a bicycle, enjoying one of the most beautiful parks of the District Columbia.
- Enjoy a walk in Potomac Park called after the homonymous river, the main artery of the city. Here you can ride a boat or a kayak.
- Head to the elite district of Georgetown in search of vibrant life. Here you can admire charming views, rent a bicycle or enjoy mind-blowing shopping experience.
- Attend the National Zoo with the representatives of the fauna that no longer live in the wild.