Discover Caracas
The city of "eternal spring" in the Caribbean Andes

Venezuelan cultural “treasury” with the mild climate

Population

Caracas is home to 3.3 million people. That is one-sixth of the total population of the country. Most of the city's inhabitants are mestizo. About 20% of city dwellers are descendants of Europeans: Spaniards, Portuguese, Italians. Members of the Negro race occupy up to 10% of the capital's population, and Indians occupy up to 2%. There are also many immigrants from Colombia. The vast majority of the city's citizens are Catholics. There is freedom of religion in Venezuela, so representatives of other religions are also comfortable here.

History of Caracas

A local tribe of Caracas Indians inhabited the city before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors. The conquerors burned down the settlement and founded a city in its place in 1567, calling it Santiago de León de Caracas. It grew rapidly and soon became the center of the Province of Venezuela. In the middle of the XVII century, a major earthquake hit Caracas.

The beginning of the XIX century was marked by the first rebellions of the local population against the Spaniards. Soon the war for the colony's independence began. In 1813, Simon Bolivar, general of the revolutionary army, established his rule in Caracas. But he did not last long in the city. A year later, Bolivar's army was forced out by Spanish troops.

In 1818, Venezuela was declared a republic, which first became part of Colombia. But in 1830, it was already separated from it, and Caracas became the capital of the independent state of Venezuela.

In the second half of the XIX century, after the Federal war between the conservatives and liberals, the liberal A. G. Blanco was elected president. His reign was a period of prosperity for the city. New neighborhoods, railroads, and educational institutions were built here.

In 1999, Hugo Chavez became president. He gave the country a new name, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Its capital, Caracas, is now considered the economic, commercial, and cultural center of South America.

The best time to visit Caracas

The climate in the city is subequatorial and humid. Thanks to this, Caracas has warm weather all year round. The average annual temperature is +25ºC during the day and +21ºC ... +22ºC at night. The summer months are the rainy season. There are tropical downpours almost every day. But they disappear quickly, and then the sun comes out.

Every February, Caracas hosts the famous Venezuelan Carnival. For two days, lavish processions of people in colorful costumes parade through the streets, accompanied by noise, merriment, and the sound of drums and trumpets. They are joined by passersby, enchanted by the incredible atmosphere of the festival. The carnival ends with a magnificent fireworks display.

Tourists from many countries rush to Caracas in early June for the celebration of Corpus Christi. Although this is a religious festival, it is similar to a carnival. Costume parades parade through the streets. Performers in frightening costumes and masks dance to the sound of drums and guitars. The macabre merriment continues throughout the night.

You can explore Caracas at any time of the year. Holidays in a city with a mild climate, an abundance of fruits and vegetables, amazing sights will be remembered for a long time.

Useful notes

Things to do in Caracas

  • Take a walk through the historic center of the city. Bolivar Square is central to Caracas and a favorite place for citizens and visitors to stroll. There is an equestrian statue of the national hero of Venezuela, Simon Bolivar. The main decoration of the square is the cathedral. This splendid white Gothic building was erected in the middle of the XVII century. There are burial places of Simon Bolivar's wife and parents.
  • See the colorful Iglesia de San Francisco. It was constructed in the XVI century. And at the end of the XIX century, the front part of the building was reconstructed. Today, the church charms tourists with its facade of white and yellow color, which perfectly harmonizes with the carved doors. Take note of the ceiba tree growing near the temple. It is a local landmark that is over 150 years old.
  • Visit the Museum of Modern Art, located in the new Central Park, which opened in 1973. It consists of five permanent rooms and eight temporary rooms. Here you can see works by both Venezuelan and foreign artists and sculptors. Its exhibitions feature paintings by P. Picasso, M. Pistoletto, V. Adami, M. Escobar, and other great masters of painting.
  • Admire the exhibits of the Museum of Fine Arts. Its beautiful snow-white building is located in the historical part of the city. Enjoy unique paintings, ceramics, and works of art. Visit the Egyptian Collection with bas-reliefs and funerary figurines of ancient Egyptians. The museum's main attraction is the sculpture garden of local and European artists.
  • Spend a day in the botanical garden of Caracas. Stroll through the garden's wide squares and boulevards and breathe in the overwhelming aroma of tropical plants. It stretches over 70 hectares. Here you can see orchids, ferns, cacti, and ornamental palms. There are over 2.5 thousand species of flora growing on its territory.
  • Give in to shopping. You should go shopping on Sabana Grande Street. It is a pedestrian boulevard, famous for its many stores, souvenir shops, and restaurants.
  • Taste the local cuisine. Order pabellón criollo (rice and bean-based dish with meat and fried bananas), empanada (fried corn dough cakes with a variety of fillings). Thrill-seekers can try the fried piranha. You can also order quesillo fruit pie as a dessert.

Map Caracas

Hotels in Caracas

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